Recent research provides insight into the ability of miRNA to regulate various pathways in several cancer types. Despite their involvement in the regulation of the mRNA via targeting the 3'UTR, there are relatively few studies examining the changes in these regulatory mechanisms specific to single cancer types or shared between different cancer types.We analyzed samples where both miRNA and mRNA expression had been measured and performed a thorough correlation analysis on 7494 experimentally validated human miRNA-mRNA target-gene pairs in both healthy and tumoral samples.We show how more than 90% of these miRNA-mRNA interactions show a loss of regulation in the tumoral samples compared with their healthy counterparts.As expected, we found shared miRNA-mRNA dysregulated pairs among different tumors of the same tissue. However, anatomically different cancers also share multiple dysregulated interactions, suggesting that some cancer-related mechanisms are not tumor-specific. 2865 unique miRNA-mRNA pairs were identified across 13 cancer types, approximate to 40% of these pairs showed a loss of correlation in the tumoral samples in at least 2 out of the 13 analyzed cancers. Specifically, miR-200 family, miR-155 and miR-1 were identified, based on the computational analysis described below, as the miRNAs that potentially lose the highest number of interactions across different samples (only literature-based interactions were used for this analysis).Moreover, the miR-34a/ALDH2 and miR-9/MTHFD2 pairs show a switch in their correlation between healthy and tumor kidney samples suggesting a possible change in the regulation exerted by the miRNAs. Interestingly, the expression of these mRNAs is also associated with the overall survival. The disruption of miRNA regulation on its target, therefore, suggests the possible involvement of these pairs in cell malignant functions.The analysis reported here shows how the regulation of miRNA-mRNA interactions strongly differs between healthy and tumoral cells, based on the strong correlation variation between miRNA and its target that we obtained by analyzing the expression data of healthy and tumor tissue in highly reliable miRNA-target pairs. Finally, a go term enrichment analysis shows that the critical pairs identified are involved in cellular adhesion, proliferation, and migration.

Pepe, G., Parca, L., Viviani, L., Ausiello, G., Helmer-Citterich, M. (2022). Variation in the co-expression profile highlights a loss of miRNA-mRNA regulation in multiple cancer types. NON-CODING RNA RESEARCH, 7(2), 98-105 [10.1016/j.ncrna.2022.03.003].

Variation in the co-expression profile highlights a loss of miRNA-mRNA regulation in multiple cancer types

Ausiello, Gabriele
;
Helmer-Citterich, Manuela
2022-06-01

Abstract

Recent research provides insight into the ability of miRNA to regulate various pathways in several cancer types. Despite their involvement in the regulation of the mRNA via targeting the 3'UTR, there are relatively few studies examining the changes in these regulatory mechanisms specific to single cancer types or shared between different cancer types.We analyzed samples where both miRNA and mRNA expression had been measured and performed a thorough correlation analysis on 7494 experimentally validated human miRNA-mRNA target-gene pairs in both healthy and tumoral samples.We show how more than 90% of these miRNA-mRNA interactions show a loss of regulation in the tumoral samples compared with their healthy counterparts.As expected, we found shared miRNA-mRNA dysregulated pairs among different tumors of the same tissue. However, anatomically different cancers also share multiple dysregulated interactions, suggesting that some cancer-related mechanisms are not tumor-specific. 2865 unique miRNA-mRNA pairs were identified across 13 cancer types, approximate to 40% of these pairs showed a loss of correlation in the tumoral samples in at least 2 out of the 13 analyzed cancers. Specifically, miR-200 family, miR-155 and miR-1 were identified, based on the computational analysis described below, as the miRNAs that potentially lose the highest number of interactions across different samples (only literature-based interactions were used for this analysis).Moreover, the miR-34a/ALDH2 and miR-9/MTHFD2 pairs show a switch in their correlation between healthy and tumor kidney samples suggesting a possible change in the regulation exerted by the miRNAs. Interestingly, the expression of these mRNAs is also associated with the overall survival. The disruption of miRNA regulation on its target, therefore, suggests the possible involvement of these pairs in cell malignant functions.The analysis reported here shows how the regulation of miRNA-mRNA interactions strongly differs between healthy and tumoral cells, based on the strong correlation variation between miRNA and its target that we obtained by analyzing the expression data of healthy and tumor tissue in highly reliable miRNA-target pairs. Finally, a go term enrichment analysis shows that the critical pairs identified are involved in cellular adhesion, proliferation, and migration.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/11
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Cancer
Cancer biomarkers
Non-coding RNA
miRNA regulation
Pepe, G., Parca, L., Viviani, L., Ausiello, G., Helmer-Citterich, M. (2022). Variation in the co-expression profile highlights a loss of miRNA-mRNA regulation in multiple cancer types. NON-CODING RNA RESEARCH, 7(2), 98-105 [10.1016/j.ncrna.2022.03.003].
Pepe, G; Parca, L; Viviani, L; Ausiello, G; Helmer-Citterich, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/307756
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