We submit that nonthermalized support for the outer intracluster medium in relaxed galaxy clusters is provided by turbulence, which is driven by inflows of intergalactic gas across the virial accretion shocks. We expect this component to increase briskly during the cluster development for z ≲ 1/2, owing to three factors. First, the accretion rates of gas and dark matter subside when they feed on the outer wings of the initial perturbations in the accelerating Universe. Second, the infall speeds decrease across the progressively shallower gravitational potential at the shock position. Third, the shocks eventually weaken and leave less thermal energy to feed the intracluster entropy, but relatively more bulk energy to drive turbulence into the outskirts. The overall outcome from these factors is physically modeled and analytically computed; thus we ascertain how these concur in setting the equilibrium of the outer intracluster medium, and predict how the observables in X-rays and μwaves are affected, so as to probe the development of outer turbulence over wide cluster samples. By the same token, we quantify the resulting negative bias to be expected in the total mass evaluated from X-ray measurements.

Cavaliere, A., Lapi, A., Fusco Femiano, R. (2011). Nonthermal support for the outer intracluster medium. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 525, A110 [10.1051/0004-6361/201015390].

Nonthermal support for the outer intracluster medium

LAPI, ANDREA;
2011-01-01

Abstract

We submit that nonthermalized support for the outer intracluster medium in relaxed galaxy clusters is provided by turbulence, which is driven by inflows of intergalactic gas across the virial accretion shocks. We expect this component to increase briskly during the cluster development for z ≲ 1/2, owing to three factors. First, the accretion rates of gas and dark matter subside when they feed on the outer wings of the initial perturbations in the accelerating Universe. Second, the infall speeds decrease across the progressively shallower gravitational potential at the shock position. Third, the shocks eventually weaken and leave less thermal energy to feed the intracluster entropy, but relatively more bulk energy to drive turbulence into the outskirts. The overall outcome from these factors is physically modeled and analytically computed; thus we ascertain how these concur in setting the equilibrium of the outer intracluster medium, and predict how the observables in X-rays and μwaves are affected, so as to probe the development of outer turbulence over wide cluster samples. By the same token, we quantify the resulting negative bias to be expected in the total mass evaluated from X-ray measurements.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
English
galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium / X-rays: galaxies: clusters / turbulence / methods: analytical
Cavaliere, A., Lapi, A., Fusco Femiano, R. (2011). Nonthermal support for the outer intracluster medium. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 525, A110 [10.1051/0004-6361/201015390].
Cavaliere, A; Lapi, A; Fusco Femiano, R
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/8392
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