Background-Metabolic syndrome importantly accelerates the atherosclerotic process, the earliest event of which is endothelial dysfunction. Ghrelin, a gastric peptide with cardiovascular actions, has been shown to inhibit proatherogenic changes in experimental models. This study therefore investigated whether ghrelin administration might beneficially affect endothelial function in metabolic syndrome. Methods and Results-Endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilator responses to intra-arterial infusion of increasing doses of acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside ( SNP), respectively, were assessed by strain-gauge plethysmography before and after local administration of human ghrelin (200 mu g/min). During saline, the vasodilator response to acetylcholine was significantly blunted (P = 0.008) in patients with metabolic syndrome (n = 12, 5 female) compared with controls (n = 12, 7 female), whereas the vasodilator response to SNP was not different between groups (P = 0.68). In patients with metabolic syndrome, basal plasma ghrelin was significantly lower than in controls (P = 0.02). In these patients, ghrelin infusion markedly increased intravascular concentrations of the peptide (P = 0.001) and resulted in a potentiation of the vasodilator response to acetylcholine (P = 0.001 versus saline) but not to SNP (P = 0.22). This effect was likely related to enhanced nitric oxide bioavailability because, in a group of patients with metabolic syndrome (n = 6, 2 female), ghrelin had no effect on the vasodilator response to acetylcholine (P = 0.78 versus saline) after nitric oxide inhibition by N-G-monomethyl-L-arginine. Conclusions-These findings indicate that ghrelin reverses endothelial dysfunction in patients with metabolic syndrome by increasing nitric oxide bioactivity, thereby suggesting that decreased circulating levels of the peptide, such as those found in these patients, might play a role in the pathobiology of atherosclerosis.

Tesauro, M., Schinzari, F., Iantorno, M., Rizza, S., Melina, D., Lauro, D., et al. (2005). Ghrelin improves endothelial function in patients with metabolic syndrome. CIRCULATION, 112(19), 2986-2992 [10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.105.553883].

Ghrelin improves endothelial function in patients with metabolic syndrome

TESAURO, MANFREDI;RIZZA, STEFANO;LAURO, DAVIDE;
2005

Abstract

Background-Metabolic syndrome importantly accelerates the atherosclerotic process, the earliest event of which is endothelial dysfunction. Ghrelin, a gastric peptide with cardiovascular actions, has been shown to inhibit proatherogenic changes in experimental models. This study therefore investigated whether ghrelin administration might beneficially affect endothelial function in metabolic syndrome. Methods and Results-Endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilator responses to intra-arterial infusion of increasing doses of acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside ( SNP), respectively, were assessed by strain-gauge plethysmography before and after local administration of human ghrelin (200 mu g/min). During saline, the vasodilator response to acetylcholine was significantly blunted (P = 0.008) in patients with metabolic syndrome (n = 12, 5 female) compared with controls (n = 12, 7 female), whereas the vasodilator response to SNP was not different between groups (P = 0.68). In patients with metabolic syndrome, basal plasma ghrelin was significantly lower than in controls (P = 0.02). In these patients, ghrelin infusion markedly increased intravascular concentrations of the peptide (P = 0.001) and resulted in a potentiation of the vasodilator response to acetylcholine (P = 0.001 versus saline) but not to SNP (P = 0.22). This effect was likely related to enhanced nitric oxide bioavailability because, in a group of patients with metabolic syndrome (n = 6, 2 female), ghrelin had no effect on the vasodilator response to acetylcholine (P = 0.78 versus saline) after nitric oxide inhibition by N-G-monomethyl-L-arginine. Conclusions-These findings indicate that ghrelin reverses endothelial dysfunction in patients with metabolic syndrome by increasing nitric oxide bioactivity, thereby suggesting that decreased circulating levels of the peptide, such as those found in these patients, might play a role in the pathobiology of atherosclerosis.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Acetylcholine; Endothelium; Vasodilation
acetylcholine; ghrelin; n(g) nitroarginine methyl ester; nitric oxide; nitroprusside sodium; adult; article; atherosclerosis; bioavailability; clinical article; concentration response; controlled study; endothelium cell; female; human; inhibition kinetics; male; metabolic syndrome X; oxidative stress; plethysmography; priority journal; protein blood level; strain gauge transducer; vasodilatation; Acetylcholine; Adult; Endothelium, Vascular; Female; Glucose Intolerance; Humans; Male; Metabolic Syndrome X; Middle Aged; Nitroprusside; Obesity; Peptide Hormones; Reference Values; Vasodilation; Vasodilator Agents
Tesauro, M., Schinzari, F., Iantorno, M., Rizza, S., Melina, D., Lauro, D., et al. (2005). Ghrelin improves endothelial function in patients with metabolic syndrome. CIRCULATION, 112(19), 2986-2992 [10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.105.553883].
Tesauro, M; Schinzari, F; Iantorno, M; Rizza, S; Melina, D; Lauro, D; Cardillo, C
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/55871
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