Sea cucumbers are widely distributed deposit-feeders that represent an important component of benthic communities worldwide. These echinoderms were recently proposed as candidates in embryo bioassays to provide a new tool in the toxicity assessment of pollutants in marine water and sediments. The aim of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of Holothuria tubulosa (Gmelin, 1788), as a model organism for sensitive embryo bioassays, defining the acceptability of controls, minimum sample size, embryo density, and salinity range. Sea cucumber sensitivity to marine sediment elutriates was assessed by comparing their responsiveness in tandem with that of routinely employed sea urchin embryos. The results showed an acceptability threshold of 10% (abnormal embryos), a minimum sample size of 200 embryos, an embryo density of 200 embryos/mL and an optimal salinity range of 36–37‰. The sensitivity to the environmental pollutants and matrices tested revealed values (expressed as EC50) comparable with those of embryos belonging to other marine invertebrates commonly used in bioassays, indicating that this species has a good level of responsiveness. Data demonstrated good discrimination of sample toxicity, with a dose-dependent increase of teratogenic effects for all the tested substances, indicating H. tubulosa as a promising species for future assessments of marine pollution.

Magdy, M., Morroni, L., Fianchini, A., Grosso, L., Pensa, D., Scardi, M., et al. (2022). Towards sea cucumbers as a new model in embryolarval bioassays in ecotoxicological studies. ??????? it.cilea.surplus.oa.citation.tipologie.CitationProceedings.prensentedAt ??????? Sea Cucumber New Challenges, Concarneau Marine Station, France.

Towards sea cucumbers as a new model in embryolarval bioassays in ecotoxicological studies

Fianchini Alessandra;Scardi Michele;Rakaj Arnold
2022-10-03

Abstract

Sea cucumbers are widely distributed deposit-feeders that represent an important component of benthic communities worldwide. These echinoderms were recently proposed as candidates in embryo bioassays to provide a new tool in the toxicity assessment of pollutants in marine water and sediments. The aim of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of Holothuria tubulosa (Gmelin, 1788), as a model organism for sensitive embryo bioassays, defining the acceptability of controls, minimum sample size, embryo density, and salinity range. Sea cucumber sensitivity to marine sediment elutriates was assessed by comparing their responsiveness in tandem with that of routinely employed sea urchin embryos. The results showed an acceptability threshold of 10% (abnormal embryos), a minimum sample size of 200 embryos, an embryo density of 200 embryos/mL and an optimal salinity range of 36–37‰. The sensitivity to the environmental pollutants and matrices tested revealed values (expressed as EC50) comparable with those of embryos belonging to other marine invertebrates commonly used in bioassays, indicating that this species has a good level of responsiveness. Data demonstrated good discrimination of sample toxicity, with a dose-dependent increase of teratogenic effects for all the tested substances, indicating H. tubulosa as a promising species for future assessments of marine pollution.
Sea Cucumber New Challenges
Concarneau Marine Station, France
2022
Rilevanza internazionale
3-ott-2022
Settore BIO/07
English
Sea cucumber, embryo-larval bioassays, ecotoxicology
Intervento a convegno
Magdy, M., Morroni, L., Fianchini, A., Grosso, L., Pensa, D., Scardi, M., et al. (2022). Towards sea cucumbers as a new model in embryolarval bioassays in ecotoxicological studies. ??????? it.cilea.surplus.oa.citation.tipologie.CitationProceedings.prensentedAt ??????? Sea Cucumber New Challenges, Concarneau Marine Station, France.
Magdy, M; Morroni, L; Fianchini, A; Grosso, L; Pensa, D; Scardi, M; Rakaj, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/308681
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