BackgroundPatients affected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) show an increased risk of myocardial infarction. Clinical and angiographic features of HIV positive (HIV+) patients presenting with the first episode of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are not well defined in previous studies.ObjectiveTo demonstrate that HIV + patients with acute coronary syndrome had different features than non-HIV patients.MethodsWe identified 48 HIV + patients without previous cardiovascular events admitted to our Emergency Department with ACS diagnosis between 2012 and 2020. Clinical and angiographic characteristics were compared with a control group of 48 non-HIV consecutive patients affected by ACS as first episode.ResultsHIV + patients were most frequently men (87.5% vs 62.5%, p = 0.009) and younger about a decade (mean age 53.8 +/- 8.2 vs 63.7 +/- 11.9 years old, p < 0.0001); statistically significant hypertriglyceridemia has been found in the HIV group (178,6 +/- 59,8 mg/dl vs 142,7 +/- 63,7 mg/dl, p = 0.005). HIV(+) patients had a higher rate of anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) (65% vs 33%, p = 0.03) and significant lesions on left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery (83% vs 58% p = 0.01).ConclusionsHIV + patients with the first episode of ACS are generally young men with higher triglycerides and most frequently presenting with anterior STEMI and LAD involvement. The strict control of risk factors and a program for the early identification of coronary artery disease are strongly recommended in this subset of patients.

Uccello, G., Mollace, R., Stelitano, M., Tavernese, A., Muscoli, S., Di Luozzo, M., et al. (2021). Clinical and angiographical features of first episode of acute coronary syndrome in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection, 22(1), 31-35 [10.1080/25787489.2021.1911502].

Clinical and angiographical features of first episode of acute coronary syndrome in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection

Muscoli, S;Di Luozzo, M;De Vico, P;Romeo, F;Cammalleri, V
2021

Abstract

BackgroundPatients affected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) show an increased risk of myocardial infarction. Clinical and angiographic features of HIV positive (HIV+) patients presenting with the first episode of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are not well defined in previous studies.ObjectiveTo demonstrate that HIV + patients with acute coronary syndrome had different features than non-HIV patients.MethodsWe identified 48 HIV + patients without previous cardiovascular events admitted to our Emergency Department with ACS diagnosis between 2012 and 2020. Clinical and angiographic characteristics were compared with a control group of 48 non-HIV consecutive patients affected by ACS as first episode.ResultsHIV + patients were most frequently men (87.5% vs 62.5%, p = 0.009) and younger about a decade (mean age 53.8 +/- 8.2 vs 63.7 +/- 11.9 years old, p < 0.0001); statistically significant hypertriglyceridemia has been found in the HIV group (178,6 +/- 59,8 mg/dl vs 142,7 +/- 63,7 mg/dl, p = 0.005). HIV(+) patients had a higher rate of anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) (65% vs 33%, p = 0.03) and significant lesions on left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery (83% vs 58% p = 0.01).ConclusionsHIV + patients with the first episode of ACS are generally young men with higher triglycerides and most frequently presenting with anterior STEMI and LAD involvement. The strict control of risk factors and a program for the early identification of coronary artery disease are strongly recommended in this subset of patients.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore MED/11
English
HIV
acute coronary syndrome
first episode
Aged
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Coronary Artery Disease
HIV Infections
Myocardial Infarction
ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction
Uccello, G., Mollace, R., Stelitano, M., Tavernese, A., Muscoli, S., Di Luozzo, M., et al. (2021). Clinical and angiographical features of first episode of acute coronary syndrome in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection, 22(1), 31-35 [10.1080/25787489.2021.1911502].
Uccello, G; Mollace, R; Stelitano, M; Tavernese, A; Muscoli, S; Di Luozzo, M; De Vico, P; Romeo, F; Cammalleri, V
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/304995
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