Background/Aims: We performed a randomized trial on pegylated interferon alfa-2a (Peg-IFN alpha) monotherapy vs Peg-IFN alpha and ribavirin in non-cirrhotic liver transplant recipients with recurrent hepatitis C. Methods: Forty-two patients transplanted for HCV-related cirrhosis 12-96 months earlier were randomized to Peg-IFN alpha monotherapy (180 mu g weekly) or Peg-IFNa and ribavirin, up to the maximum tolerated dose, for 48 weeks. Results: Early virological response (EVR, i.e., HCV-RNA >= 2 log drop at week 12) occurred in 76% of the monotherapy and 71% of the combination groups, respectively (intention-to treat). Sustained virological response (SVR) occurred in 8 (38%) and 7 (33%) patients, respectively. EVR had a positive predictive value for SVR of 50% and 47%, respectively, and a 100% negative predictive value in both groups. Six drop-outs occurred in the monotherapy (including 3 rejections) and 7 in the combination groups (including one rejection). Peg-INF alpha dose was reduced in 7 and 8 patients, respectively. The average daily dose of ribavirin was 435 mg/day. Conclusions: Peg-IFN alpha-2a, with or without ribavirin, induces SVR in one-third of transplant recipients with recurrent hepatitis C. Treatment cessation is indicated in patients without EVR. The low SVR rate is mainly due to inability to sustain full doses of antivirals and lack of the booster effect of ribavirin. (C) 2007 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Angelico, M., Petrolati, A., Lionetti, R., Lenci, I., Burra, P., Donato, M.F., et al. (2007). A randomized study on Peg-interferon alfa-2a with or without ribavirin in liver transplant recipients with recurrent hepatitis C. JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY, 46(6), 1009-1017 [10.1016/j.jhep.2006.12.017].

A randomized study on Peg-interferon alfa-2a with or without ribavirin in liver transplant recipients with recurrent hepatitis C

ANGELICO, MARIO;TISONE, GIUSEPPE
2007

Abstract

Background/Aims: We performed a randomized trial on pegylated interferon alfa-2a (Peg-IFN alpha) monotherapy vs Peg-IFN alpha and ribavirin in non-cirrhotic liver transplant recipients with recurrent hepatitis C. Methods: Forty-two patients transplanted for HCV-related cirrhosis 12-96 months earlier were randomized to Peg-IFN alpha monotherapy (180 mu g weekly) or Peg-IFNa and ribavirin, up to the maximum tolerated dose, for 48 weeks. Results: Early virological response (EVR, i.e., HCV-RNA >= 2 log drop at week 12) occurred in 76% of the monotherapy and 71% of the combination groups, respectively (intention-to treat). Sustained virological response (SVR) occurred in 8 (38%) and 7 (33%) patients, respectively. EVR had a positive predictive value for SVR of 50% and 47%, respectively, and a 100% negative predictive value in both groups. Six drop-outs occurred in the monotherapy (including 3 rejections) and 7 in the combination groups (including one rejection). Peg-INF alpha dose was reduced in 7 and 8 patients, respectively. The average daily dose of ribavirin was 435 mg/day. Conclusions: Peg-IFN alpha-2a, with or without ribavirin, induces SVR in one-third of transplant recipients with recurrent hepatitis C. Treatment cessation is indicated in patients without EVR. The low SVR rate is mainly due to inability to sustain full doses of antivirals and lack of the booster effect of ribavirin. (C) 2007 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
HCV; Liver transplantation; Peginterferon alfa-2a; Ribavirin; Treatment
Angelico, M., Petrolati, A., Lionetti, R., Lenci, I., Burra, P., Donato, M.F., et al. (2007). A randomized study on Peg-interferon alfa-2a with or without ribavirin in liver transplant recipients with recurrent hepatitis C. JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY, 46(6), 1009-1017 [10.1016/j.jhep.2006.12.017].
Angelico, M; Petrolati, A; Lionetti, R; Lenci, I; Burra, P; Donato, M; Merli, M; Strazzabosco, M; Tisone, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/29768
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