Objective: To assess the long-term results and health-related quality of life in patients undergoing surgery for oesophageal achalasia. Methods: Thirty-nine patients with achalasia (25 males, mean age 42 +/- 13 years) underwent open-Heller myotomy and Dor fundoplication by the same surgeon. Long-term results were assessed by imaging, endoscopy, manometry, pH-metry, and Short Form 36 and Nottingham Health Profile questionnaires whenever applicable. Six patients were at radiological stage I, 20 were at stage II, 2 at stage III and 11 at stage IV. Dysphagia and regurgitation were scored according to the four-grade classification (1 = no symptoms; 4 = persistent symptoms). Pulmonary symptoms were present in six patients. Lower oesophageal pressure was 30 +/- 34 mmHg. Six patients had undergone previous pneumatodilation. Results: No procedure related mortality was recorded. Mean follow-up was 107 +/- 30 months (54-177). Preoperative to 5-year postoperative mean decrement in lower oesophageal sphincter pressure was 12.3 +/- 8.3 mmHg (P < 0.001), in oesophageal width was 11.5 +/- 7.1 mm (P < 0.001), in dysphagia 1.8 +/- 0.8 (P < 0.01) and regurgitation 1.4 +/- 0.7 (P < 0.01). Four patients presented relapse dysphagia and two of those were re-operated upon. Three patients developed acid reflux, which was satisfactorily treated with proton-pump inhibitors. Preoperative to 4-year postoperative quality of life scores were available for 20 patients. Questionnaires showed a significant improvement (P < 0.001) especially in all psychosocial domains, which were correlated with postoperative dysphagia score and lower oesophageal sphincter pressure. Conclusion: Heller myotomy and Dor fundoplication is a safe and effective procedure that improves symptoms, functional status and especially psychosocial aspect of quality of life in the long term in oesophageal achalasia. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Mineo, T.C., & Ambrogi, V. (2004). Long-term results and quality of life after surgery for oesophageal achalasia: one surgeon's experience. In EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CARDIO-THORACIC SURGERY (pp.1089-1096).
|Autori:||Mineo, TC; Ambrogi, V|
|Titolo:||Long-term results and quality of life after surgery for oesophageal achalasia: one surgeon's experience|
|Nome del convegno:||17th Annual Meeting of the European-Association-for-Cardio-Thoracic-Surgery/11th Annual Meeting of the European-Society-of-Thoracic-Surgeons|
|Luogo del convegno:||VIENNA, AUSTRIA|
|Anno del convegno:||2003|
|Enti collegati al convegno:||European Assoc Cardio Thorac Surg, European Soc Thorac Surg|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcts.2004.01.043|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/21 - Chirurgia Toracica|
|Tipologia:||Intervento a convegno|
|Citazione:||Mineo, T.C., & Ambrogi, V. (2004). Long-term results and quality of life after surgery for oesophageal achalasia: one surgeon's experience. In EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CARDIO-THORACIC SURGERY (pp.1089-1096).|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||02 - Intervento a convegno|