Vestibular neuritis (VN) is one of the most common causes of vertigo and is characterised by a sudden unilateral vestibular failure (UVF). Many neuroimaging studies in the last 10 years have focused on brain changes related to sudden vestibular deafferentation as in VN. However, most of these studies, also due to different possibilities across diverse centres, were based on different times of first acquisition from the onset of VN symptoms, neuroimaging techniques, statistical analysis and correlation with otoneurological and psychological findings. In the present review, the authors aim to merge together the similarities and discrepancies across various investigations that have employed neuroimaging techniques and group analysis with the purpose of better understanding about how the brain changes and what characteristic clinical features may relate to each other in the acute phase of VN. Six studies that strictly met inclusion criteria were analysed to assess cortical-subcortical correlates of acute clinical features related to VN. The present review clearly reveals that sudden UVF may induce a wide variety of cortical and subcortical responses - with changes in different sensory modules - as a result of acute plasticity in the central nervous system.

Micarelli, A., Chiaravalloti, A., Schillaci, O., Ottaviani, F., Alessandrini, M. (2016). Aspects of cerebral plasticity related to clinical features in acute vestibular neuritis: A “starting point” review from neuroimaging studies|La plasticità cerebrale correlata alle caratteristiche cliniche nella neuronite vestibolare acuta: Una revisione della letteratura di neuroimaging. ACTA OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGICA ITALICA, 36(2), 75-84 [10.14639/0392-100X-642].

Aspects of cerebral plasticity related to clinical features in acute vestibular neuritis: A “starting point” review from neuroimaging studies|La plasticità cerebrale correlata alle caratteristiche cliniche nella neuronite vestibolare acuta: Una revisione della letteratura di neuroimaging

Micarelli A.;Chiaravalloti A.;Schillaci O.;Ottaviani F.;Alessandrini M.
2016-01-01

Abstract

Vestibular neuritis (VN) is one of the most common causes of vertigo and is characterised by a sudden unilateral vestibular failure (UVF). Many neuroimaging studies in the last 10 years have focused on brain changes related to sudden vestibular deafferentation as in VN. However, most of these studies, also due to different possibilities across diverse centres, were based on different times of first acquisition from the onset of VN symptoms, neuroimaging techniques, statistical analysis and correlation with otoneurological and psychological findings. In the present review, the authors aim to merge together the similarities and discrepancies across various investigations that have employed neuroimaging techniques and group analysis with the purpose of better understanding about how the brain changes and what characteristic clinical features may relate to each other in the acute phase of VN. Six studies that strictly met inclusion criteria were analysed to assess cortical-subcortical correlates of acute clinical features related to VN. The present review clearly reveals that sudden UVF may induce a wide variety of cortical and subcortical responses - with changes in different sensory modules - as a result of acute plasticity in the central nervous system.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
Settore MED/26 - Neurologia
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Cerebral; Group analysis; Neuroimaging; Vertigo; Vestibular neuritis; Brain; Humans; Imaging, Three-Dimensional; Vestibular Neuronitis; Neuroimaging; Neuronal Plasticity
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4907164/
Micarelli, A., Chiaravalloti, A., Schillaci, O., Ottaviani, F., Alessandrini, M. (2016). Aspects of cerebral plasticity related to clinical features in acute vestibular neuritis: A “starting point” review from neuroimaging studies|La plasticità cerebrale correlata alle caratteristiche cliniche nella neuronite vestibolare acuta: Una revisione della letteratura di neuroimaging. ACTA OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGICA ITALICA, 36(2), 75-84 [10.14639/0392-100X-642].
Micarelli, A; Chiaravalloti, A; Schillaci, O; Ottaviani, F; Alessandrini, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/212692
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