Electric vehicles are progressively emerging in the light-duty passenger market as a promising alternative to oil-dependent road transport in the attempt to achieve greenhouse gas and pollutant emissions reduction. However, it is necessary to study in detail and to assess how a high penetration of electric vehicles in the private passenger vehicle fleet would affect strategic planning of large scale energy systems in the medium-long term period. This study evaluates the integration of electric vehicles in the Italian energy scenario, assessing the impact on power generation capacity, energy consumption, CO2 emissions on a medium-long term perspective (up to 2030–2050), with the support of the EnergyPLAN software tool. The national energy system has been accurately characterized using currently available data and its operation has been simulated with varying degrees of electric vehicle penetration through an integrated analysis method. The energy scenarios developed take into account realistic growth trends for variable renewable energy sources. The results obtained assess the potential impact of electric vehicles in cutting transport carbon emissions and highlight potential sensible primary energy savings. Nevertheless, the analysis also reveals that an increase in electric vehicle penetration does not necessarily correlate directly to a growth in generation from renewable energy sources, because electric vehicle recharging strategies, and in particular the time of day when most vehicles are recharged, influence which power plants are mostly used to cover the additional electric energy needs.

Bellocchi, S., Manno, M. (2017). Analysis of the Impact of Electric Vehicle Penetration on Italian Electric Supply System. ??????? it.cilea.surplus.oa.citation.tipologie.CitationProceedings.prensentedAt ??????? 12th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems – SDEWES Conference, Dubrovnik.

Analysis of the Impact of Electric Vehicle Penetration on Italian Electric Supply System

MANNO, MICHELE
2017-11-15

Abstract

Electric vehicles are progressively emerging in the light-duty passenger market as a promising alternative to oil-dependent road transport in the attempt to achieve greenhouse gas and pollutant emissions reduction. However, it is necessary to study in detail and to assess how a high penetration of electric vehicles in the private passenger vehicle fleet would affect strategic planning of large scale energy systems in the medium-long term period. This study evaluates the integration of electric vehicles in the Italian energy scenario, assessing the impact on power generation capacity, energy consumption, CO2 emissions on a medium-long term perspective (up to 2030–2050), with the support of the EnergyPLAN software tool. The national energy system has been accurately characterized using currently available data and its operation has been simulated with varying degrees of electric vehicle penetration through an integrated analysis method. The energy scenarios developed take into account realistic growth trends for variable renewable energy sources. The results obtained assess the potential impact of electric vehicles in cutting transport carbon emissions and highlight potential sensible primary energy savings. Nevertheless, the analysis also reveals that an increase in electric vehicle penetration does not necessarily correlate directly to a growth in generation from renewable energy sources, because electric vehicle recharging strategies, and in particular the time of day when most vehicles are recharged, influence which power plants are mostly used to cover the additional electric energy needs.
12th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems – SDEWES Conference
Dubrovnik
2017
12
University of Zagreb, Instituto Superior Técnico (Lisbon)
Rilevanza internazionale
contributo
5-ott-2017
Settore ING-IND/09 - Sistemi per l'Energia e L'Ambiente
English
EVs; PHEVs; RES; electricity excess production, EnergyPLAN; integrated energy systems analysis
Intervento a convegno
Bellocchi, S., Manno, M. (2017). Analysis of the Impact of Electric Vehicle Penetration on Italian Electric Supply System. ??????? it.cilea.surplus.oa.citation.tipologie.CitationProceedings.prensentedAt ??????? 12th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems – SDEWES Conference, Dubrovnik.
Bellocchi, S; Manno, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/188894
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