Introduction and Aim: Natural killer (NK) cells are a first line of defence against viruses and down-regulation of NK cell cytotoxic receptors represents one of the strategies by which viruses escape the host's immune system. Since onset of celiac disease (CD), a gluten-driven enteropathy, has been associated with viral infections, we examined whether CD-associated inflammation is characterized by abnormal distribution of NK cell receptors involved in recognition of viral-infected cells. Materials and Methods: Intraepithelial mononuclear cells, isolated from duodenal biopsies of active and inactive CD patients and healthy controls (CTR) and jejunal specimens of obese subjects undergoing gastro-intestinal bypass, were analysed for NK cell markers by flow-cytometry. Expression of granzyme B, interleukin (IL)-22 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α was as assessed in freshly isolated and toll-like receptor (TLR) ligand-stimulated cells. Results: The percentages of total NK cells and NKT cells did not significantly differ between CD patients and CTR. In active CD, the fractions of NKp30+ NK cells, NKG2D+ NK cells and NKG2D+ NKT cells were significantly increased as compared to inactive CD patients and CTR. In contrast, CD-associated inflammation was marked by diminished presence of NKG2A+ NK cells and NKG2A+ NKT cells. The fractions of NK cells and NKT cells expressing either NKp44 or NKp46 did not differ between CD and controls, but in CD less NK cells and NKT cells co-expressed these receptors. NKp44/NKp46-double positive cells produced granzyme B and IL-22 but not TNF-α and responded to TLR ligands with enhanced expression of granzyme B. Conclusions: These data indicate that active phase of CD associates with reduced presence of NKp44/NKp46-double positive NK cells and NKT cells in the epithelial compartment.
Marafini, I., Monteleone, I., Di Fusco, D., Sedda, S., Cupi, M.L., Fina, D., et al. (2016). Celiac disease-related inflammation is marked by reduction of Nkp44/Nkp46-double positive natural killer cells. PLOS ONE, 11(5), e0155103.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Marafini, I., Monteleone, I., Di Fusco, D., Sedda, S., Cupi, M.L., Fina, D., et al. (2016). Celiac disease-related inflammation is marked by reduction of Nkp44/Nkp46-double positive natural killer cells. PLOS ONE, 11(5), e0155103.|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia|
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0155103|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Titolo:||Celiac disease-related inflammation is marked by reduction of Nkp44/Nkp46-double positive natural killer cells|
|Autori:||Marafini, I; Monteleone, I; Di Fusco, D; Sedda, S; Cupi, ML; Fina, D; Paoluzi, Ao; Pallone, F; Monteleone, G|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|