Modern buildings are often expected to satisfy minimum safety requirements to define upper bounds for safety metrics, such as evacuation time. The building design must therefore consider prediction of these metrics for a set of representative evacuation scenarios. These scenarios can be rather complex, and often can be investigated only using building evacuation simulators. However, these simulators might require considerable development effort, and their use might therefore become less convenient, for time and cost issues. In this respect, this paper introduces a model-driven method to automatically develop building evacuation simulators from informal specifications of building evacuation scenarios, i.e., building plans and behavioral descriptions of evacuees. Specifically, the paper shows how a floor plan develops in the structural characteristics of an Extended Queueing Network (EQN) model and how the behavioral description can be used to parameterize the EQN model. The paper also presents an example application along with preliminary validation issues.

Gianni, D., Bocciarelli, P., D'Ambrogio, A., & Iazeolla, G. (2015). A Model-Driven and Simulation-Based Method to Analyze Building Evacuation Plans. In Proceedings of the 2015 Winter Simulation Conference [10.1109/WSC.2015.7408372].

A Model-Driven and Simulation-Based Method to Analyze Building Evacuation Plans

D'AMBROGIO, ANDREA;
2015

Abstract

Modern buildings are often expected to satisfy minimum safety requirements to define upper bounds for safety metrics, such as evacuation time. The building design must therefore consider prediction of these metrics for a set of representative evacuation scenarios. These scenarios can be rather complex, and often can be investigated only using building evacuation simulators. However, these simulators might require considerable development effort, and their use might therefore become less convenient, for time and cost issues. In this respect, this paper introduces a model-driven method to automatically develop building evacuation simulators from informal specifications of building evacuation scenarios, i.e., building plans and behavioral descriptions of evacuees. Specifically, the paper shows how a floor plan develops in the structural characteristics of an Extended Queueing Network (EQN) model and how the behavioral description can be used to parameterize the EQN model. The paper also presents an example application along with preliminary validation issues.
Winter Simulation Conference, WSC 2015
Huntington Beach, CA, USA
2015
Rilevanza internazionale
Settore ING-INF/05 - Sistemi di Elaborazione delle Informazioni
English
Building components; Buildings; Complex networks; Queueing networks; Simulators, Behavioral descriptions; Building design; Building evacuation; Model-driven method; Modern buildings; Safety requirements; Simulation-based method; Structural characteristics, Architectural design
https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84962833056&partnerID=40&md5=0f1ea728c9ece7012654f0b378a1486c
Intervento a convegno
Gianni, D., Bocciarelli, P., D'Ambrogio, A., & Iazeolla, G. (2015). A Model-Driven and Simulation-Based Method to Analyze Building Evacuation Plans. In Proceedings of the 2015 Winter Simulation Conference [10.1109/WSC.2015.7408372].
Gianni, D; Bocciarelli, P; D'Ambrogio, A; Iazeolla, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/130870
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