European cohesion policy is realised through the Structural Funds. Current programming 2007-2013 has a budget of €347 billions, 34% of EU budget. €201bn are for the ERDF, €76bn for the ESF, and €70bn for the Cohesion Fund. Italy receives €28,8bn, Calabria receives €3 bn, meaning 428 millions average per year (EU 2012). When exploited in efficient and effective way, SF produce a considerable impact on territorial development, as in Andalusia, Spain. When appropriate management, investment on infrastructures and capacity building is in place, the socio-economic scene changes in the medium term. Territorial governance is key to success (ESPON 2013). This is not occurring in Calabria. 'Ndrangheta (Calabria's mafia) does not seem to be interested in taking advantage of SF money. The annual turnover of 'ndrangheta is around €44 billions, obtained through criminal activities like drug, smuggling, extorsion, trafficking etc. (Eurispes 2008). Those criminal activities generate tax-free black money. Participating to the SF calls, managing and reporting results and expenditure to the financing entities requires specific skills and administrative burden. 'Ndrangheta creates obstacles and slows the use of SF by independent third parties since it has an interest in maintaining socio-economic underdevelopment in Calabria, in order to control territory and economic dynamics. Technical assistance and highly-qualified staff providing support to stakeholders increase Territorial capital (ESPON 2012) and are key to success in the management of SF. By means of SF, in particular using extensively the ESF for capacity building of local entities' staff and stakeholders, the bottle neck caused by 'ndrangheta could be bypassed.
Aceto, D. (2013). Cohesion Policy, Structural funds and Organised crime. In Cohesion Policy, Structural funds and Organised crime.
|Titolo:||Cohesion Policy, Structural funds and Organised crime|
|Nome del convegno:||IV EUGEO Congress Rome 5-7 September 2013 European Society of Economic Geography|
|Luogo del convegno:||Roma - Sapienza|
|Anno del convegno:||2013|
|Numero del convegno:||IV|
|Enti collegati al convegno:||EUGEO|
|Data di pubblicazione:||5-set-2013|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore M-GGR/02 - Geografia Economico-Politica|
|Tipologia:||Intervento a convegno|
|Citazione:||Aceto, D. (2013). Cohesion Policy, Structural funds and Organised crime. In Cohesion Policy, Structural funds and Organised crime.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||02 - Intervento a convegno|
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