Purpose of review Significant advances have been made in the treatment of younger patients with acute myeloid leukemia over the past 3 decades, but prognosis in the elderly has remained dismal, with median survival times of only a few months. Although a small percentage of older patients may be cured by standard chemotherapy, it is clear that several aspects of frontline management require improvement and novel approaches are urgently needed. This review focuses on treatment options currently available to older patients with acute myeloid leukemia, with an emphasis on new therapeutics. Recent findings Developing risk-assessment tools is critical to identify older patients who are most likely to benefit from intensive chemotherapy, but optimal induction and postremission therapies have yet to be determined in this population. New strategies and treatments are emerging and under current assessment. In particular, investigations of monoclonal antibodies, hypomethylating agents, signal transduction inhibitors, and novel cytotoxics hold promise for improving outcomes in older patients with acute myeloid leukemia, including those for whom traditional chemotherapy is not considered appropriate. Summary Acute myeloid leukemia remains a therapeutic challenge in elderly patients, but, following a period of paucity in discoveries, several new treatments are finally emerging that may offer future improvement for these patients.
Amadori, S., Del Principe, M.I., & Venditti, A. (2014). Advances in the treatment of elderly and frail patients with acute myeloid leukemia. CURRENT OPINION IN ONCOLOGY, 26(6), 663-669 [10.1097/CCO.0000000000000124].
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Amadori, S., Del Principe, M.I., & Venditti, A. (2014). Advances in the treatment of elderly and frail patients with acute myeloid leukemia. CURRENT OPINION IN ONCOLOGY, 26(6), 663-669 [10.1097/CCO.0000000000000124].|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue|
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCO.0000000000000124|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Titolo:||Advances in the treatment of elderly and frail patients with acute myeloid leukemia|
|Autori:||Amadori, S; Del Principe, MI; Venditti, A|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|