Several reports have suggested that the mechanism of protection induced by antiidiotypic vaccination against low-grade lymphoproliferative disorders is likely to be antibody mediated. Here we test the hypothesis that DNA vaccination with the short peptide encompassing the complementary-determining region 3 hypervariable region of immunoglobulin heavy chain (VH-CDR3) may elicit a specific antibody immune response able to recognize the native antigens in the form required for therapy. As a test system, we used the VH-CDR3 sequences derived from two patients with non-Hodgkin's B lymphomas (PA, AS) and one patient with hairy cell leukemia (BA) to immunize outbred Swiss mice. This experimental model could mimic a clinical setting in which different patients present distinct HLA haplotypes. Individual tumor-specific VH-CDR3 sequences were amplified by a two-step procedure and directly cloned into multigenic plasmid vectors (pRC100 and derived) with and without mouse interleukin 2 (mIL-2). Each tumor-specific sequence was characterized by sequencing. Female Swiss mice were vaccinated i.m. with plasmids expressing the tumor-specific VH-CDR3 sequence alone (pRC101-PA), mIL-2 plus the VH-CDR3 sequence (pRC111-PA), or a different unrelated antigen (NS3 of hepatitis C virus; pRC112), the sole mIL-2 (pRC110), and the empty plasmid (pRC100). Boost injections were performed at 3 and 16 weeks from the first vaccination, and sera were drawn before each vaccination and at 6, 9, and 19 weeks. Induction of anti-VH-CDR3s antibodies in the sera and their ability to recognize native antigens on patients' tumor cells were evaluated by FACS analysis. Up to 56% (n = 25) of mice vaccinated with pRC111-PA plasmid and 20% (n = 15) of mice vaccinated with pRC101-PA developed a specific immune response that was maintained throughout 19 weeks of observation in 40% of pRC111-PA-vaccinated mice. No response was detected in sera obtained from mice vaccinated with the other plasmids (n = 45). pRC111-PA injection s.c. was less effective (13%, n = 15) than i.m. injection (53%, n = 15). Indeed, we demonstrated that antibodies elicited by naked DNA vaccination against three different patient-derived VH-CDR3 peptides (pRC111-PA or BA or AS) readily reacted with binding epitopes on the idiotypic proteins expressed on the surface of tumor cells derived from each patient; 60, 40, and 40% of, respectively, PA-, BA-, and AS-vaccinated mice developed specific antibodies. No cross-reactivity was detected among the three different CDR3s against tumor cells derived from the other two patients. The outbred mouse strategy confirmed the significant matching potential of three different VH-CDR3 peptides to be efficaciously presented through different MHCs. We conclude that individual VH-CDR3 DNA vaccination can result in a potentially effective specific immune response against non-Hodgkin's B lymphoma cells by a rapid and low-cost therapeutic approach.

Rinaldi, M., Ria, F., Parrella, P., Signori, E., Serra, A., Ciafre', S.a., et al. (2001). Antibodies elicited by naked DNA vaccination against the complementary-determining region 3 hypervariable region of immunoglobulin heavy chain idiotypic determinants of B-lymphoproliferative disorders specifically react with patients' tumor cells. CANCER RESEARCH, 61(4), 1555-1562.

Antibodies elicited by naked DNA vaccination against the complementary-determining region 3 hypervariable region of immunoglobulin heavy chain idiotypic determinants of B-lymphoproliferative disorders specifically react with patients' tumor cells

CIAFRE', SILVIA ANNA;FARACE, MARIA GIULIA;
2001-02-15

Abstract

Several reports have suggested that the mechanism of protection induced by antiidiotypic vaccination against low-grade lymphoproliferative disorders is likely to be antibody mediated. Here we test the hypothesis that DNA vaccination with the short peptide encompassing the complementary-determining region 3 hypervariable region of immunoglobulin heavy chain (VH-CDR3) may elicit a specific antibody immune response able to recognize the native antigens in the form required for therapy. As a test system, we used the VH-CDR3 sequences derived from two patients with non-Hodgkin's B lymphomas (PA, AS) and one patient with hairy cell leukemia (BA) to immunize outbred Swiss mice. This experimental model could mimic a clinical setting in which different patients present distinct HLA haplotypes. Individual tumor-specific VH-CDR3 sequences were amplified by a two-step procedure and directly cloned into multigenic plasmid vectors (pRC100 and derived) with and without mouse interleukin 2 (mIL-2). Each tumor-specific sequence was characterized by sequencing. Female Swiss mice were vaccinated i.m. with plasmids expressing the tumor-specific VH-CDR3 sequence alone (pRC101-PA), mIL-2 plus the VH-CDR3 sequence (pRC111-PA), or a different unrelated antigen (NS3 of hepatitis C virus; pRC112), the sole mIL-2 (pRC110), and the empty plasmid (pRC100). Boost injections were performed at 3 and 16 weeks from the first vaccination, and sera were drawn before each vaccination and at 6, 9, and 19 weeks. Induction of anti-VH-CDR3s antibodies in the sera and their ability to recognize native antigens on patients' tumor cells were evaluated by FACS analysis. Up to 56% (n = 25) of mice vaccinated with pRC111-PA plasmid and 20% (n = 15) of mice vaccinated with pRC101-PA developed a specific immune response that was maintained throughout 19 weeks of observation in 40% of pRC111-PA-vaccinated mice. No response was detected in sera obtained from mice vaccinated with the other plasmids (n = 45). pRC111-PA injection s.c. was less effective (13%, n = 15) than i.m. injection (53%, n = 15). Indeed, we demonstrated that antibodies elicited by naked DNA vaccination against three different patient-derived VH-CDR3 peptides (pRC111-PA or BA or AS) readily reacted with binding epitopes on the idiotypic proteins expressed on the surface of tumor cells derived from each patient; 60, 40, and 40% of, respectively, PA-, BA-, and AS-vaccinated mice developed specific antibodies. No cross-reactivity was detected among the three different CDR3s against tumor cells derived from the other two patients. The outbred mouse strategy confirmed the significant matching potential of three different VH-CDR3 peptides to be efficaciously presented through different MHCs. We conclude that individual VH-CDR3 DNA vaccination can result in a potentially effective specific immune response against non-Hodgkin's B lymphoma cells by a rapid and low-cost therapeutic approach.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore BIO/13
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Immunoglobulin Idiotypes; Antibodies, Neoplasm; Epitopes; Base Sequence; Cell Line, Transformed; Animals; Leukemia, Hairy Cell; Immunoglobulin Variable Region; Humans; Complementarity Determining Regions; Flow Cytometry; Interleukin-2; Lymphoma, B-Cell; Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic; Mice; Cancer Vaccines; Genetic Vectors; Molecular Sequence Data; Vaccines, DNA; Amino Acid Sequence; Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains; Leukemia, B-Cell
Rinaldi, M., Ria, F., Parrella, P., Signori, E., Serra, A., Ciafre', S.a., et al. (2001). Antibodies elicited by naked DNA vaccination against the complementary-determining region 3 hypervariable region of immunoglobulin heavy chain idiotypic determinants of B-lymphoproliferative disorders specifically react with patients' tumor cells. CANCER RESEARCH, 61(4), 1555-1562.
Rinaldi, M; Ria, F; Parrella, P; Signori, E; Serra, A; Ciafre', Sa; Vespignani, I; Lazzari, M; Farace, Mg; Saglio, G; Fazio, V
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/9201
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