Recent studies suggest that the effects of VEGF-A, the prototype VEGF ligand, may extend to a variety of cell types other than endothelial cells. The expression of VEGF-A and its main receptors, Flt-1/VEGFR-1 and KDR/Flk-1/VEGFR-2, was indeed detected in several cell types, including cardiac myocytes and regenerating myotubes. In addition to its proangiogenic activity, evidence indicates that VEGF-A can sustain skeletal muscle regeneration by enhancing the survival and migration of myogenic cells and by promoting the growth of myogenic fibers. In this study, our aim was to investigate whether VEGF could protect skeletal muscle satellite cells from apoptotic cell death triggered by reactive oxygen species and to identify the main molecular mechanisms. C2C12 mouse myoblasts, cultured in vitro in the presence of exogenous VEGF or stably transfected with a plasmid vector expressing VEGF-A, were subjected to oxidative stress and analyzed for cell growth and survival, induction of apoptosis, and molecular signaling. The results of our study demonstrated that VEGF protects C2C12 myoblasts from apoptosis induced by oxidative or hypoxic-like stress. This protection did not correlate with the modulation of the expression of VEGF receptors, but is clearly linked to the phosphorylation of the KDR/Flk-1 receptor, the activation of NF-kappaB, and/or the overexpression of the antiapoptotic protein alphaB-crystallin.
Mercatelli, N., Dimauro, I., Ciafré, S., Farace, M., & Caporossi, D. (2010). AlphaB-crystallin is involved in oxidative stress protection determined by VEGF in skeletal myoblasts. FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY & MEDICINE, 49(3), 374-382.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Mercatelli, N., Dimauro, I., Ciafré, S., Farace, M., & Caporossi, D. (2010). AlphaB-crystallin is involved in oxidative stress protection determined by VEGF in skeletal myoblasts. FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY & MEDICINE, 49(3), 374-382.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/13|
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2010.04.027|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-ago-2010|
|Titolo:||AlphaB-crystallin is involved in oxidative stress protection determined by VEGF in skeletal myoblasts|
|Autori:||Mercatelli, N; Dimauro, I; Ciafré, S; Farace, M; Caporossi, D|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|