Farnesyl diphosphate (FPP), an intermediate of the sterol biosynthetic pathway, is used by farnesyl transferase to farnesylate, among others, the Ras proteins, and by geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase to produce geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP). GGPP is then transferred by geranylgeranyl transferase II (GGTase II) to Rab/Ypt members of the Ras superfamily known to be required at all stages of vesicle transport in both mammals and yeast. Formation of a complex between a Rab/Ypt protein and an accessory protein named the Rab escort protein (REP) is a prerequisite for GGTase II substrate recognition. Little is known about the factors that regulate GGTase II activity in living cells but, based on available data, it seems possible that vesicle transport in higher eukaryotes is regulated by the levels of prenylated Rab/Ypt proteins in the cells. Here we show that the levels of REP play an important role in regulating GGTase II activity in yeast cells if sufficient substrates are present. Moreover, overexpression of REP causes, directly or indirectly, an increased level of Ypt substrates available for prenylation, which in turn leads to the depletion of the GGPP pool in the cell. Overall our data suggest that the levels of REP and the availability of GGPP play a role in regulating Ypt protein prenylation. Copyright (C) 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Miaczynska, M., Wagner, W., Bauer, B., Schweyen, R., Ragnini, A. (2001). Ypt protein prenylation depends on the interplay among levels of Rab escort protein and geranylgeranyl diphosphate in yeast cells. YEAST, 18(8), 697-709 [10.1002/yea.719].

Ypt protein prenylation depends on the interplay among levels of Rab escort protein and geranylgeranyl diphosphate in yeast cells

RAGNINI, ANTONELLA
2001-01-01

Abstract

Farnesyl diphosphate (FPP), an intermediate of the sterol biosynthetic pathway, is used by farnesyl transferase to farnesylate, among others, the Ras proteins, and by geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase to produce geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP). GGPP is then transferred by geranylgeranyl transferase II (GGTase II) to Rab/Ypt members of the Ras superfamily known to be required at all stages of vesicle transport in both mammals and yeast. Formation of a complex between a Rab/Ypt protein and an accessory protein named the Rab escort protein (REP) is a prerequisite for GGTase II substrate recognition. Little is known about the factors that regulate GGTase II activity in living cells but, based on available data, it seems possible that vesicle transport in higher eukaryotes is regulated by the levels of prenylated Rab/Ypt proteins in the cells. Here we show that the levels of REP play an important role in regulating GGTase II activity in yeast cells if sufficient substrates are present. Moreover, overexpression of REP causes, directly or indirectly, an increased level of Ypt substrates available for prenylation, which in turn leads to the depletion of the GGPP pool in the cell. Overall our data suggest that the levels of REP and the availability of GGPP play a role in regulating Ypt protein prenylation. Copyright (C) 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/10
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
traffico intracellulare, lipid metabolism, disease,yeast, prenyltransferase,anticancer drugs
Miaczynska, M., Wagner, W., Bauer, B., Schweyen, R., Ragnini, A. (2001). Ypt protein prenylation depends on the interplay among levels of Rab escort protein and geranylgeranyl diphosphate in yeast cells. YEAST, 18(8), 697-709 [10.1002/yea.719].
Miaczynska, M; Wagner, W; Bauer, B; Schweyen, R; Ragnini, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/90747
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