Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in the blood and aqueous humor of glaucomatous and nonglaucomatous patients. To measure the adenosine triphosphate/adenosine diphosphate/adenosine monophosphate (ATP/ADP/AMP) concentration as a biomarker of the blood energy charge potential. METHODS: We examined 40 consecutive patients with primary open-angle glaucoma scheduled for cataract surgery. Twenty-six age-matched subjects scheduled for cataract surgery were enrolled as a control group. Blood and aqueous humor samples were collected at the time of surgery. MDA concentrations and blood nucleotides were measured with high-performance liquid chromatography. The TAC of the samples was estimated with the oxygen-radical absorbance capacity method. RESULTS: Blood and aqueous humor MDA levels in glaucoma patients (respectively, 0.976±0.370 and 0.145±0.065 μmol/ml) were significantly increased (p<0.001 for both) over those of the control group (respectively, 0.454±0.395 and 0.060±0.039 μmol/ml). In contrast, the control group presented significantly higher TACs than did the glaucoma group in both the blood (control: 2.681±1.101 and glaucoma: 1.617±0.674 μmol Trolox Equi/g; p<0.001) and aqueous humor (control: 0.963±0.302 and glaucoma: 0.788±0.346 μmol Trolox Equi/g; p=0.039). The control group (0.869±0.037) exhibited statistically significant (p<0.001) higher values of blood adenosine triphosphate/adenosine diphosphate (ATP-ADP) levels than did the glaucoma group (0.791±0.037). CONCLUSIONS: Our data further support the hypothesis that oxidative stress and decreased antioxidant defenses are involved in glaucoma. High-performance liquid chromatography appears to be an effective and sensitive method to detect altered levels of oxidative stress markers in glaucoma patients.

Nucci, C., DI PIERRO, D., Varesi, C., Ciuffoletti, E., Russo, R., Gentile, R., et al. (2013). Increased malondialdehyde concentration and reduced total antioxidant capacity in aqueous humor and blood samples from patients with glaucoma. MOLECULAR VISION, 19, 1841-1846.

Increased malondialdehyde concentration and reduced total antioxidant capacity in aqueous humor and blood samples from patients with glaucoma.

NUCCI, CARLO;DI PIERRO, DONATO;COLETTA, MASSIMILIANO;MANCINO, RAFFAELE
2013-01-01

Abstract

Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in the blood and aqueous humor of glaucomatous and nonglaucomatous patients. To measure the adenosine triphosphate/adenosine diphosphate/adenosine monophosphate (ATP/ADP/AMP) concentration as a biomarker of the blood energy charge potential. METHODS: We examined 40 consecutive patients with primary open-angle glaucoma scheduled for cataract surgery. Twenty-six age-matched subjects scheduled for cataract surgery were enrolled as a control group. Blood and aqueous humor samples were collected at the time of surgery. MDA concentrations and blood nucleotides were measured with high-performance liquid chromatography. The TAC of the samples was estimated with the oxygen-radical absorbance capacity method. RESULTS: Blood and aqueous humor MDA levels in glaucoma patients (respectively, 0.976±0.370 and 0.145±0.065 μmol/ml) were significantly increased (p<0.001 for both) over those of the control group (respectively, 0.454±0.395 and 0.060±0.039 μmol/ml). In contrast, the control group presented significantly higher TACs than did the glaucoma group in both the blood (control: 2.681±1.101 and glaucoma: 1.617±0.674 μmol Trolox Equi/g; p<0.001) and aqueous humor (control: 0.963±0.302 and glaucoma: 0.788±0.346 μmol Trolox Equi/g; p=0.039). The control group (0.869±0.037) exhibited statistically significant (p<0.001) higher values of blood adenosine triphosphate/adenosine diphosphate (ATP-ADP) levels than did the glaucoma group (0.791±0.037). CONCLUSIONS: Our data further support the hypothesis that oxidative stress and decreased antioxidant defenses are involved in glaucoma. High-performance liquid chromatography appears to be an effective and sensitive method to detect altered levels of oxidative stress markers in glaucoma patients.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/10
Settore MED/30 - Malattie Apparato Visivo
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Nucci, C., DI PIERRO, D., Varesi, C., Ciuffoletti, E., Russo, R., Gentile, R., et al. (2013). Increased malondialdehyde concentration and reduced total antioxidant capacity in aqueous humor and blood samples from patients with glaucoma. MOLECULAR VISION, 19, 1841-1846.
Nucci, C; DI PIERRO, D; Varesi, C; Ciuffoletti, E; Russo, R; Gentile, R; Cedrone, C; Pinazo Duran, M; Coletta, M; Mancino, R
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/90330
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