The Macrovipera lebetina venom consists of a complex mixture of proteins belonging to a few main families according to their enzymatic and pharmacological activity. Given the serious pathophysiological effects caused by M. lebetina bites mainly induced by muscle degeneration, we decided to investigate the myotoxic activity of some venom fractions. In the present study we describe the purification and characterization of a 22.600 kDa protein, named in the following Mlp4.2, that shares myotoxic but not haemorrhagic activity in vivo. Herein we report that Mlp4.2 is a metalloproteinase belonging to the PI-SVMPS family able, in vitro, to proteolyse extracellular matrix proteins as laminin and fibronectin. Histological observations of mouse anterior tibialis Mlp4.2-treated muscle, demonstrate that this protein induces a massive degeneration of myofibers but not haemorrhage. The immunofluorescence analysis of protein-treated anterior tibialis, demonstrates that Mlp4.2 is able to disarray the laminin network surrounding muscle fibers. Finally Mlp4.2 did not show any direct cytolytic activity towards the myogenic cell line C2C12 in culture. The data reported herein suggest that the myotoxicity of Mlp4.2 is primarily linked to the disruption of the muscle fibers interaction with extracellular matrix proteins.

Hamza, L., Girardi, T., Castelli, S., Gargioli, C., Cannata, S., Patamia, M., et al. (2010). Isolation and characterization of a myotoxin from the venom of Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea. TOXICON, 56(3), 381-390 [10.1016/j.toxicon.2010.04.001].

Isolation and characterization of a myotoxin from the venom of Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea

GARGIOLI, CESARE;CANNATA, STEFANO;LULY, PAOLO;RUFINI, STEFANO
2010-09-01

Abstract

The Macrovipera lebetina venom consists of a complex mixture of proteins belonging to a few main families according to their enzymatic and pharmacological activity. Given the serious pathophysiological effects caused by M. lebetina bites mainly induced by muscle degeneration, we decided to investigate the myotoxic activity of some venom fractions. In the present study we describe the purification and characterization of a 22.600 kDa protein, named in the following Mlp4.2, that shares myotoxic but not haemorrhagic activity in vivo. Herein we report that Mlp4.2 is a metalloproteinase belonging to the PI-SVMPS family able, in vitro, to proteolyse extracellular matrix proteins as laminin and fibronectin. Histological observations of mouse anterior tibialis Mlp4.2-treated muscle, demonstrate that this protein induces a massive degeneration of myofibers but not haemorrhage. The immunofluorescence analysis of protein-treated anterior tibialis, demonstrates that Mlp4.2 is able to disarray the laminin network surrounding muscle fibers. Finally Mlp4.2 did not show any direct cytolytic activity towards the myogenic cell line C2C12 in culture. The data reported herein suggest that the myotoxicity of Mlp4.2 is primarily linked to the disruption of the muscle fibers interaction with extracellular matrix proteins.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore BIO/09
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Spectrometry; Mass; Electrospray Ionization; Viper Venoms; Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel; Muscles; Animals; Humans
Hamza, L., Girardi, T., Castelli, S., Gargioli, C., Cannata, S., Patamia, M., et al. (2010). Isolation and characterization of a myotoxin from the venom of Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea. TOXICON, 56(3), 381-390 [10.1016/j.toxicon.2010.04.001].
Hamza, L; Girardi, T; Castelli, S; Gargioli, C; Cannata, S; Patamia, M; Luly, P; Laraba Djebari, F; Petruzzelli, R; Rufini, S
Articolo su rivista
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/9009
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