Camptotheca acuminata is a main source of the anti-cancer drug camptothecin (CPT). In this species, several studies have observed non-glandular trichomes (NGTs) and glandular trichomes (GTs). It has been assumed that GTs contain CPT, yet this has not been proven and no information is available on the accumulation of other secondary metabolites. The objective of this study was to describe the morphology, distribution and structure of C. acuminata trichomes and to investigate the chemical nature of the substances secreted by GTs. Light and fluorescence microscope, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) were used to determine the morphology, distribution and structure of GTs and NGTs. Thin layer chromatography (TLC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analyses were carried out to confirm the presence of CPT in GTs, and histochemical tests were performed to investigate the presence of other secondary metabolites. C. acuminata possesses two types of GTs (GT1 and GT2), which differ in terms of their morphology, pattern of distribution and accumulated substances. The chemical analyses demonstrated that both GT1 and GT2 accumulate CPT. Histochemical analysis showed that phenols accumulate in the vacuole of GT2s. No isoprenoids were detected in GTs.

Valletta, A., Santamaria, A., Canini, A., Canuti, L., Pasqua, G. (2013). Trichomes in Camptotheca acuminata Decaisne (Nyssaceae): morphology, distribution, structure, and secretion. PLANT BIOSYSTEMS, 147(3), 548-556 [10.1080/11263504.2012.754385].

Trichomes in Camptotheca acuminata Decaisne (Nyssaceae): morphology, distribution, structure, and secretion

CANINI, ANTONELLA;
2013-09-01

Abstract

Camptotheca acuminata is a main source of the anti-cancer drug camptothecin (CPT). In this species, several studies have observed non-glandular trichomes (NGTs) and glandular trichomes (GTs). It has been assumed that GTs contain CPT, yet this has not been proven and no information is available on the accumulation of other secondary metabolites. The objective of this study was to describe the morphology, distribution and structure of C. acuminata trichomes and to investigate the chemical nature of the substances secreted by GTs. Light and fluorescence microscope, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) were used to determine the morphology, distribution and structure of GTs and NGTs. Thin layer chromatography (TLC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analyses were carried out to confirm the presence of CPT in GTs, and histochemical tests were performed to investigate the presence of other secondary metabolites. C. acuminata possesses two types of GTs (GT1 and GT2), which differ in terms of their morphology, pattern of distribution and accumulated substances. The chemical analyses demonstrated that both GT1 and GT2 accumulate CPT. Histochemical analysis showed that phenols accumulate in the vacuole of GT2s. No isoprenoids were detected in GTs.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/01
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Valletta, A., Santamaria, A., Canini, A., Canuti, L., Pasqua, G. (2013). Trichomes in Camptotheca acuminata Decaisne (Nyssaceae): morphology, distribution, structure, and secretion. PLANT BIOSYSTEMS, 147(3), 548-556 [10.1080/11263504.2012.754385].
Valletta, A; Santamaria, A; Canini, A; Canuti, L; Pasqua, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/85847
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