Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the most frequent malformation in the human fetus and are the leading cause of mortality due to malformations in the first year of life. Despite its clinical importance screening performed by ultrasonographic examination during the second trimester of pregnancy has shown disappointingly low detection rates mainly due to the difficulties in obtaining an adequate examination of the fetal heart. Four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound of the fetal heart has been recently suggested as a tool to improve the detection rate of CHD by decreasing the dependency on operator skills required in two-dimensional ultrasound scans but up to now no practical manuals are available in describing its application in clinical practice for the study of fetal heart. The objective of this Ebook is to explain the role of 4D during second trimester examination and in fetuses with CHD. The technique of obtaining 4D volume of the fetal heart, how to navigate in the volume to obtain diagnostic planes and how to use semiautomatic and automatic software of analysis are described. We believe that after reading this book the standard fetal cardiac anatomy survey can be performed in the second trimester fetus by 4D in both normal and abnormal hearts. This approach may reduce the operator dependency in diagnosis CHD. This Ebook should prove to be a valuable resource for obstetricians, sonographers and pediatric cardiologists.

Rizzo, G., & Arduini, D. (a cura di). (2010). 4D Fetal echocardiography. Bentham [10.2174/97816080504441100101].

4D Fetal echocardiography

RIZZO, GIUSEPPE;ARDUINI, DOMENICO
2010

Abstract

Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the most frequent malformation in the human fetus and are the leading cause of mortality due to malformations in the first year of life. Despite its clinical importance screening performed by ultrasonographic examination during the second trimester of pregnancy has shown disappointingly low detection rates mainly due to the difficulties in obtaining an adequate examination of the fetal heart. Four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound of the fetal heart has been recently suggested as a tool to improve the detection rate of CHD by decreasing the dependency on operator skills required in two-dimensional ultrasound scans but up to now no practical manuals are available in describing its application in clinical practice for the study of fetal heart. The objective of this Ebook is to explain the role of 4D during second trimester examination and in fetuses with CHD. The technique of obtaining 4D volume of the fetal heart, how to navigate in the volume to obtain diagnostic planes and how to use semiautomatic and automatic software of analysis are described. We believe that after reading this book the standard fetal cardiac anatomy survey can be performed in the second trimester fetus by 4D in both normal and abnormal hearts. This approach may reduce the operator dependency in diagnosis CHD. This Ebook should prove to be a valuable resource for obstetricians, sonographers and pediatric cardiologists.
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
English
Rilevanza internazionale
epidemiology; environmental risk factor; congenital heart disease; diagnosis; fetal echocardiography; screening; fetal heart; ultrasound; diagnostic planes; segmental analysis; 4D fetal echocardiography; volume rendering; 4D ultrasound; fetal echocardiography; cardiac volumes; methodology; 3D ultrasound; live echocardiography; matrix probes; 3D sonography; automated multiplanar imaging; diagnostic cardiac planes; 4D sonography; venous connection; atrial septal defect; ventricular septal defect; atrioventricular septal defect; spatial temporal image correlation; three-dimensional ultrasound; right heart anomalies; prenatal diagnosis; conotruncal anomalies; first trimester; fetal MRI; spatiotemporal image correlation (stic); virtual echocardiography; virtual reality
http://www.benthamscience.com/ebooks/9781608050444/index.htm
Curatele
Rizzo, G; Arduini, D
Rizzo, G., & Arduini, D. (a cura di). (2010). 4D Fetal echocardiography. Bentham [10.2174/97816080504441100101].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
0000i (1).pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Foreword
Dimensione 69.93 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
69.93 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0000iii.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Preface
Dimensione 62.34 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
62.34 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0000iv.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Contributors
Dimensione 85.25 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
85.25 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0001.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Chapter 1
Dimensione 170.59 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
170.59 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0008.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Chapter 2
Dimensione 711.64 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
711.64 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0020.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Chapter 3
Dimensione 390.02 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
390.02 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0029.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Chapter 4
Dimensione 1.91 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.91 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0038.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Chapter 5
Dimensione 1.66 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.66 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0050.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Chapter 6
Dimensione 1.63 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.63 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0062.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Chapter 7
Dimensione 2.07 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.07 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0070.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Chapter 8
Dimensione 688.36 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
688.36 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0078.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Chapter 9
Dimensione 636.46 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
636.46 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0084.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Chapter 10
Dimensione 845.99 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
845.99 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0094.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Chapter 11
Dimensione 1.67 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.67 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0103.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Chapter 12
Dimensione 2.55 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.55 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0118.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Chapter 13
Dimensione 3.29 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.29 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0134.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Chapter 14
Dimensione 3.21 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.21 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0146.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Chapter 15
Dimensione 2.44 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.44 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0159.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Chapter 16
Dimensione 2.2 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.2 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0177.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Chapter 17
Dimensione 2.01 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.01 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0196.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Chapter 18
Dimensione 486.64 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
486.64 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
0200.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Index
Dimensione 99.41 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
99.41 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/7980
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact