Recent data indicate that age-related N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) transmission impairment is correlated with the reduction in serine racemase (SR) expression and d-serine content. As apoptosis is associated with several diseases and conditions that generally occur with age, we investigated the modulation of SR/d-serine pathway during neuronal apoptosis and its impact on survival. We found that in cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs), undergoing apoptosis SR/d-serine pathway is crucially regulated. In the early phase of apoptosis, the expression of SR is reduced, both at the protein and RNA level through pathways, upstream of caspase activation, involving ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) and c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs). Forced expression of SR, together with treatment with NMDA and d-serine, blocks neuronal death, whereas pharmacological inhibition and Sh-RNA-mediated suppression of endogenous SR exacerbate neuronal death. In the late phase of apoptosis, the increased expression of SR contribute to the last, NMDAR-mediated, wave of cell death. These findings are relevant to our understanding of neuronal apoptosis and NMDAR activity regulation, raising further questions as to the role of SR/d-serine in those neuro-pathophysiological processes, such as aging and neurodegenerative diseases characterized by a convergence of apoptotic mechanisms and NMDAR dysfunction.

Esposito, S., Pristerà, A., Maresca, G., Cavallaro, S., Felsani, A., Florenzano, F., et al. (2012). Contribution of serine racemase/d-serine pathway to neuronal apoptosis. AGING CELL, 11(4), 588-598 [10.1111/j.1474-9726.2012.00822.x].

Contribution of serine racemase/d-serine pathway to neuronal apoptosis.

CANU, NADIA
2012

Abstract

Recent data indicate that age-related N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) transmission impairment is correlated with the reduction in serine racemase (SR) expression and d-serine content. As apoptosis is associated with several diseases and conditions that generally occur with age, we investigated the modulation of SR/d-serine pathway during neuronal apoptosis and its impact on survival. We found that in cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs), undergoing apoptosis SR/d-serine pathway is crucially regulated. In the early phase of apoptosis, the expression of SR is reduced, both at the protein and RNA level through pathways, upstream of caspase activation, involving ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) and c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs). Forced expression of SR, together with treatment with NMDA and d-serine, blocks neuronal death, whereas pharmacological inhibition and Sh-RNA-mediated suppression of endogenous SR exacerbate neuronal death. In the late phase of apoptosis, the increased expression of SR contribute to the last, NMDAR-mediated, wave of cell death. These findings are relevant to our understanding of neuronal apoptosis and NMDAR activity regulation, raising further questions as to the role of SR/d-serine in those neuro-pathophysiological processes, such as aging and neurodegenerative diseases characterized by a convergence of apoptotic mechanisms and NMDAR dysfunction.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/09
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
neuronal death, proteasome, c.Jun N-terminal kinase, NMDA receptor, serine.racemase, cerebellar granule neurons, apoptosis
Esposito, S., Pristerà, A., Maresca, G., Cavallaro, S., Felsani, A., Florenzano, F., et al. (2012). Contribution of serine racemase/d-serine pathway to neuronal apoptosis. AGING CELL, 11(4), 588-598 [10.1111/j.1474-9726.2012.00822.x].
Esposito, S; Pristerà, A; Maresca, G; Cavallaro, S; Felsani, A; Florenzano, F; Manni, L; Ciotti, M; Pollegioni, L; Borsello, T; Canu, N
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/78393
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