We have recently found that D(-)lentiginosine, a synthetic iminosugar exerting glucosidase inhibitory activity, but not its natural enantiomer lentiginosine, is endowed with an unexpected, pro-apoptotic activity. Here, we investigated mechanisms involved in apoptosis induced by D(-)lentiginosine in MOLT-3, HT-29 and SH-SY5Y tumour cell lines. The results showed that D(-)lentiginosine increased caspase 9 expression at 18 h in all the cell lines from 1.5-3.1 folds. Cytochrome c in the cytoplasm was found to be increased from 2.3-2.6 folds in treated cells with respect to control cells. These effects were accompanied by a remarkable collapse of the mitochondrial membrane potential and by the downregulation of anti-apoptotic genes, as well as the upregulation of pro-apoptotic genes of the Bcl-2 family. U937Bcl-2 transfectants, highly expressing Bcl-2, were reluctant to undergo apoptosis even following treatment with 500 μM D(-)lentiginosine, whereas apoptosis by D(-)lentiginosine was induced also in U937 cells, naturally deficient in P53. Thus, our study establishes that the enantiomer of a natural iminosugar is endowed with a possible anti-tumorigenic effect that might be ascribed not only to their capacity to inhibit glycosidases but also to other unknown mechanisms. These data encourage further investigation on similar compounds to make them an interesting platform for the generation of new anticancer drugs.

Minutolo, A., Grelli, S., Marino-Merlo, F., Cordero, F.M., Brandi, A., Macchi, B., et al. (2012). D(-)lentiginosine-induced apoptosis involves the intrinsic pathway and is p53-independent. CELL DEATH & DISEASE, 3, 1-9 [10.1038/cddis.2012.97].

D(-)lentiginosine-induced apoptosis involves the intrinsic pathway and is p53-independent

GRELLI, SANDRO;MACCHI, BEATRICE;
2012

Abstract

We have recently found that D(-)lentiginosine, a synthetic iminosugar exerting glucosidase inhibitory activity, but not its natural enantiomer lentiginosine, is endowed with an unexpected, pro-apoptotic activity. Here, we investigated mechanisms involved in apoptosis induced by D(-)lentiginosine in MOLT-3, HT-29 and SH-SY5Y tumour cell lines. The results showed that D(-)lentiginosine increased caspase 9 expression at 18 h in all the cell lines from 1.5-3.1 folds. Cytochrome c in the cytoplasm was found to be increased from 2.3-2.6 folds in treated cells with respect to control cells. These effects were accompanied by a remarkable collapse of the mitochondrial membrane potential and by the downregulation of anti-apoptotic genes, as well as the upregulation of pro-apoptotic genes of the Bcl-2 family. U937Bcl-2 transfectants, highly expressing Bcl-2, were reluctant to undergo apoptosis even following treatment with 500 μM D(-)lentiginosine, whereas apoptosis by D(-)lentiginosine was induced also in U937 cells, naturally deficient in P53. Thus, our study establishes that the enantiomer of a natural iminosugar is endowed with a possible anti-tumorigenic effect that might be ascribed not only to their capacity to inhibit glycosidases but also to other unknown mechanisms. These data encourage further investigation on similar compounds to make them an interesting platform for the generation of new anticancer drugs.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/14
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Stereoisomerism; Apoptosis; Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; Humans; bcl-2-Associated X Protein; Cell Line, Tumor; Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial; BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; Alkaloids; Caspase 9; Cytochromes c; HT29 Cells
Minutolo, A., Grelli, S., Marino-Merlo, F., Cordero, F.M., Brandi, A., Macchi, B., et al. (2012). D(-)lentiginosine-induced apoptosis involves the intrinsic pathway and is p53-independent. CELL DEATH & DISEASE, 3, 1-9 [10.1038/cddis.2012.97].
Minutolo, A; Grelli, S; Marino Merlo, F; Cordero, F; Brandi, A; Macchi, B; Mastino, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/78301
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