Shape memory epoxy foams were used for an experiment on the International Space Station to evaluate the feasibility of their use for building multi-functional composite structures. A small equipment was designed and built to simulate the actuation of simple devices in micro-gravity conditions: three different configurations (compression, bending and torsion) were chosen during the memory step of the foams so as to produce their recovery on ISS. Two systems were used for the experimentation to avoid damages of the flight model during laboratory tests; however a single ground experiment was performed also on the flight model before the mission. Micro-gravity does not affect the ability of the foams to recover their shape but it poses strong limits for the heating system design because of the difference in heat transfer on earth and in orbit. A full recovery of the foam samples was not achieved due to some limitations in the maximum allowable temperature on ISS for safety reasons: anyway a 70% recovery was also measured at a temperature of 110°C. Ground laboratory experiments showed that 100% recovery could be reached by increasing the maximum temperature to 120°C. Experiment results have provided many useful information for the designing of a new structural composite actuator by using shape memory foams.

Santo, L., Quadrini, F., Squeo, E., Dolce, F., Mascetti, G., Bertolotto, D., et al. (2012). Behavior of shape memory epoxy foams in microgravity: experimental results of STS-134 mission. MICROGRAVITY, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 24(4), 287-296 [10.1007/s12217-012-9313-x].

Behavior of shape memory epoxy foams in microgravity: experimental results of STS-134 mission

SANTO, LOREDANA;QUADRINI, FABRIZIO;
2012

Abstract

Shape memory epoxy foams were used for an experiment on the International Space Station to evaluate the feasibility of their use for building multi-functional composite structures. A small equipment was designed and built to simulate the actuation of simple devices in micro-gravity conditions: three different configurations (compression, bending and torsion) were chosen during the memory step of the foams so as to produce their recovery on ISS. Two systems were used for the experimentation to avoid damages of the flight model during laboratory tests; however a single ground experiment was performed also on the flight model before the mission. Micro-gravity does not affect the ability of the foams to recover their shape but it poses strong limits for the heating system design because of the difference in heat transfer on earth and in orbit. A full recovery of the foam samples was not achieved due to some limitations in the maximum allowable temperature on ISS for safety reasons: anyway a 70% recovery was also measured at a temperature of 110°C. Ground laboratory experiments showed that 100% recovery could be reached by increasing the maximum temperature to 120°C. Experiment results have provided many useful information for the designing of a new structural composite actuator by using shape memory foams.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore ING-IND/16 - Tecnologie e Sistemi di Lavorazione
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Santo, L., Quadrini, F., Squeo, E., Dolce, F., Mascetti, G., Bertolotto, D., et al. (2012). Behavior of shape memory epoxy foams in microgravity: experimental results of STS-134 mission. MICROGRAVITY, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 24(4), 287-296 [10.1007/s12217-012-9313-x].
Santo, L; Quadrini, F; Squeo, E; Dolce, F; Mascetti, G; Bertolotto, D; Villadei, W; Ganga, P; Zolesi, V
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/76847
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