Responsiveness of the Sertoli cell after FSH pretreatment was evaluated in terms of androgen aromatization. Sertoli cell cultures were preincubated with FSH for 24 h, then cells were washed free of hormone and reincubated with FSH in the presence of androstendione. The estrogen accumulated in the medium was measured by RIA. Gonadotropin pretreatment produced a marked refractory state, and a second challenge with FSH did not produce an increase in androgen aromatization. A dose-response study showed that FSH pretreatment produced three separate effects on Sertoli cell steroidogenesis: an increased basal production of estrogen; a decreased maximal response when doses of 10 ng/ml FSH or higher were employed in the preincubation; and a decreased sensitivity of the Sertoli cell to FSH. In the last case, the ED50 was reduced approximately 3- to 5-fold. Such an impaired stimulation of androgen aromatization was no longer present when cells were incubated with the phosphodiesterase inhibitors methyl-isobutyl-xanthine (MIX). In the presence of this inhibitor, refractory cells responded to FSH better than the control cells. The possibility that MIX stimulated cAMP accumulation by acting as antagonist of purine receptor was ruled out by the finding that the nonxanthine phosphodiesterase inhibitor 4-(3-butoxy-4-methoxybenzyl)2-imidazolidinone (Ro 20-1724) also reverted the refractory state. Pretreatment of the Sertoli cells with FSH produced an impaired response in the second incubation also to isoproterenol, cholera toxin, and forskolin. The response to these compounds was apparently normal when cells were incubated in the presence of MIX or Ro 20-1724. Conversely, refractory cells responded to (Bu)2cAMP in a manner indistinguishable from the fully responsive control cells. These data demonstrate that FSH induces homologous and heterologous refractory states of the Sertoli cell reflected by an impaired estrogen production. The finding that phosphodiesterase inhibitors fully restore the FSH response suggests an important role of phosphodiesterase in the induction and/or maintenance of such refractoriness.

Conti, M., Monaco, L., Geremia, R., Stefanini, M. (1986). Effect of phosphodiesterase inhibitors on Sertoli cell refractoriness: reversal of the impaired androgen aromatization. ENDOCRINOLOGY, 118(3), 901-908.

Effect of phosphodiesterase inhibitors on Sertoli cell refractoriness: reversal of the impaired androgen aromatization

GEREMIA, RAFFAELE;
1986-03-01

Abstract

Responsiveness of the Sertoli cell after FSH pretreatment was evaluated in terms of androgen aromatization. Sertoli cell cultures were preincubated with FSH for 24 h, then cells were washed free of hormone and reincubated with FSH in the presence of androstendione. The estrogen accumulated in the medium was measured by RIA. Gonadotropin pretreatment produced a marked refractory state, and a second challenge with FSH did not produce an increase in androgen aromatization. A dose-response study showed that FSH pretreatment produced three separate effects on Sertoli cell steroidogenesis: an increased basal production of estrogen; a decreased maximal response when doses of 10 ng/ml FSH or higher were employed in the preincubation; and a decreased sensitivity of the Sertoli cell to FSH. In the last case, the ED50 was reduced approximately 3- to 5-fold. Such an impaired stimulation of androgen aromatization was no longer present when cells were incubated with the phosphodiesterase inhibitors methyl-isobutyl-xanthine (MIX). In the presence of this inhibitor, refractory cells responded to FSH better than the control cells. The possibility that MIX stimulated cAMP accumulation by acting as antagonist of purine receptor was ruled out by the finding that the nonxanthine phosphodiesterase inhibitor 4-(3-butoxy-4-methoxybenzyl)2-imidazolidinone (Ro 20-1724) also reverted the refractory state. Pretreatment of the Sertoli cells with FSH produced an impaired response in the second incubation also to isoproterenol, cholera toxin, and forskolin. The response to these compounds was apparently normal when cells were incubated in the presence of MIX or Ro 20-1724. Conversely, refractory cells responded to (Bu)2cAMP in a manner indistinguishable from the fully responsive control cells. These data demonstrate that FSH induces homologous and heterologous refractory states of the Sertoli cell reflected by an impaired estrogen production. The finding that phosphodiesterase inhibitors fully restore the FSH response suggests an important role of phosphodiesterase in the induction and/or maintenance of such refractoriness.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/16
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Animals; Estrogens; 1-Methyl-3-isobutylxanthine; Cyclic AMP; Receptors, Cell Surface; Isoproterenol; Follicle Stimulating Hormone; Rats; Sertoli Cells; Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors; Cholera Toxin; Receptors, FSH; 4-(3-Butoxy-4-methoxybenzyl)-2-imidazolidinone; Bucladesine; Male; Forskolin
Conti, M., Monaco, L., Geremia, R., Stefanini, M. (1986). Effect of phosphodiesterase inhibitors on Sertoli cell refractoriness: reversal of the impaired androgen aromatization. ENDOCRINOLOGY, 118(3), 901-908.
Conti, M; Monaco, L; Geremia, R; Stefanini, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/65861
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