Background - Soluble CD40L (sCD40L), a substance that maximally reflects in vivo platelet activation, is increased in patients with hypercholesterolemia. We investigated the relation between sCD40L and platelet CD4OL in hypercholesterolemic patients before and after a short-term treatment with atorvastatin. Methods and Results - Collagen-induced platelet CD40L and plasma levels of sCD40L and prothrombin fragment F1+2, a marker of thrombin generation, were investigated in 30 hypercholesterolemic patients and 20 healthy subjects. Hypercholesterolemic patients were then randomized to either diet ( n = 15; group A) or atorvastatin 10 mg/d ( group B); the aforementioned variables were measured at baseline and after 3 days of treatment. Compared with referents, hypercholesterolemic patients showed higher values of platelet CD40L ( P < 0.005), sCD40L ( P < 0.005), and F1 + 2 ( P < 0.003). Platelet CD40L was significantly correlated with sCD40L ( P < 0.001), and the latter was significantly correlated with F1 + 2 ( P < 0.001). The intervention trial showed no changes in group A but a significant decrease in platelet CD40L ( P < 0.01), sCD40L ( P < 0.002), and F1 + 2 ( P < 0.03) in group B. In vitro studies demonstrated that cholesterol enhanced platelet CD40L and CD40L-mediated clotting activation by human monocytes; also, atorvastatin dose-dependently inhibited platelet CD40L expression and clotting activation by CD40L-stimulated monocytes. Conclusions - This study shows that, in hypercholesterolemia, platelet overexpression of CD40L may account for enhanced plasma levels of sCD40L and F1 + 2. Atorvastatin exerts a direct antithrombotic effect via inhibition of platelet CD40L and CD40L-mediated thrombin generation, independently of its cholesterol-lowering effect.
Sanguigni, V., Pignatelli, P., Lenti, L., Ferro, D., Bellia, A., Carnevale, R., et al. (2005). Short-term treatment with atorvastatin reduces platelet CD40 ligand and thrombin generation in hypercholesterolemic patients. CIRCULATION, 111(4), 412-419.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Sanguigni, V., Pignatelli, P., Lenti, L., Ferro, D., Bellia, A., Carnevale, R., et al. (2005). Short-term treatment with atorvastatin reduces platelet CD40 ligand and thrombin generation in hypercholesterolemic patients. CIRCULATION, 111(4), 412-419.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.0000153810.81187.7D|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Titolo:||Short-term treatment with atorvastatin reduces platelet CD40 ligand and thrombin generation in hypercholesterolemic patients|
|Autori:||Sanguigni, V; Pignatelli, P; Lenti, L; Ferro, D; Bellia, A; Carnevale, R; Tesauro, M; Sorge, R; Lauro, R; Violi, F|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|