Background - Computed tomography has been shown to be useful in the evaluation of aortocoronary bypass grafts (CABG). This is the first prospective study to evaluate the accuracy of a new-generation scanner in the detection of patency and significant stenoses (>50% decrease in diameter) of venous and arterial grafts in patients with previous CABG. Methods and Results - In 96 patients (80 males, mean age 62 years) with previous CABG, a multislice computed tomography (MSCT) scan was performed (collimation 16X0.625 mm). Patients with atrial fibrillation, renal failure, severe respiratory disease, severe heart failure, heart rate >70 bpm despite therapy, or unstable angina were excluded. A total of 285 conduits implanted on the native coronary arteries at the time of CABG were evaluated. MSCT data were analyzed by 2 independent radiologists and compared with the results of conventional angiography. Three patients were excluded from analysis. All conduits were judged evaluable in 84 patients. Among these patients, MSCT correctly diagnosed 54 occluded grafts and 4 significant stenoses on the body of the grafts. Of the 17 significant anastomotic lesions, MSCT correctly diagnosed 15. For these 84 patients, diagnostic accuracy was 99%, sensitivity was 97%, and specificity was 100%. When all 93 patients were considered, the sensitivity of MSCT in diagnosing significant stenoses was 96%. Conclusions - MSCT with the new-generation scanner allows for accurate assessment of venous and arterial conduits in patients with previous CABG with a high degree of sensitivity and specificity. Exclusion criteria and radiation exposure remain limitations of the method.
Martuscelli, E., Romagnoli, A., D'Eliseo, A., Tomassini, M., Razzini, C., Sperandio, M., et al. (2004). Evaluation of venous and arterial conduit patency by 16-slice spiral computed tomography. CIRCULATION, 110(20), 3234-3238.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Martuscelli, E., Romagnoli, A., D'Eliseo, A., Tomassini, M., Razzini, C., Sperandio, M., et al. (2004). Evaluation of venous and arterial conduit patency by 16-slice spiral computed tomography. CIRCULATION, 110(20), 3234-3238.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.0000147277.52036.07|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Titolo:||Evaluation of venous and arterial conduit patency by 16-slice spiral computed tomography|
|Autori:||Martuscelli, E; Romagnoli, A; D'Eliseo, A; Tomassini, M; Razzini, C; Sperandio, M; Simonetti, G; Romeo, F; Mehta, JL|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|