The microtubule associated protein tau plays a crucial role in Alzheimer's disease and in many neurodegenerative disorders collectively known as tauopathies. Recently, tau pathology has been also documented in prion diseases although the possible molecular events linking these two proteins are still unknown. We have investigated the fate of normal cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) in primary cortical neurons overexpressing tau protein. We found that overexpression of tau reduces PrP(C) expression at the cell surface and causes its accumulation and aggregation in the cell body but does not affect its maturation and glycosylation. Trapped PrP(C) forms detergent-insoluble aggregates, mainly composed of un-glycosylated and mono-glycosylated forms of prion protein. Interestingly, co-transfection of tau gene in cortical neurons with a proteasome activity reporter, consisting of a short peptide degron fused to the carboxyl-terminus of green fluorescent protein (GFP-CL1), results in down-regulation of the proteasome system, suggesting a possible mechanism that contributes to intracellular PrP(C) accumulation. These findings open a new perspective for the possible crosstalk between tau and prion proteins in the pathogenesis of tau induced-neurodegeneration.

Canu, N., Filesi, I., Pristerà, A., Ciotti, M., Biocca, S. (2011). Altered intracellular distribution of PrP(C) and impairment of proteasome activity in tau overexpressing cortical neurons. JOURNAL OF ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE, 27(3), 603-613.

Altered intracellular distribution of PrP(C) and impairment of proteasome activity in tau overexpressing cortical neurons.

CANU, NADIA
;
BIOCCA, SILVIA
2011

Abstract

The microtubule associated protein tau plays a crucial role in Alzheimer's disease and in many neurodegenerative disorders collectively known as tauopathies. Recently, tau pathology has been also documented in prion diseases although the possible molecular events linking these two proteins are still unknown. We have investigated the fate of normal cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) in primary cortical neurons overexpressing tau protein. We found that overexpression of tau reduces PrP(C) expression at the cell surface and causes its accumulation and aggregation in the cell body but does not affect its maturation and glycosylation. Trapped PrP(C) forms detergent-insoluble aggregates, mainly composed of un-glycosylated and mono-glycosylated forms of prion protein. Interestingly, co-transfection of tau gene in cortical neurons with a proteasome activity reporter, consisting of a short peptide degron fused to the carboxyl-terminus of green fluorescent protein (GFP-CL1), results in down-regulation of the proteasome system, suggesting a possible mechanism that contributes to intracellular PrP(C) accumulation. These findings open a new perspective for the possible crosstalk between tau and prion proteins in the pathogenesis of tau induced-neurodegeneration.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore BIO/09
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Tau, prion, proteasome, tauopathies
Canu, N., Filesi, I., Pristerà, A., Ciotti, M., Biocca, S. (2011). Altered intracellular distribution of PrP(C) and impairment of proteasome activity in tau overexpressing cortical neurons. JOURNAL OF ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE, 27(3), 603-613.
Canu, N; Filesi, I; Pristerà, A; Ciotti, M; Biocca, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/56801
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