Aim. To evaluate the effect of local anesthesia on the skin vasodilation induced by the iontophoresis of sodium nitroprusside and heating. Methods. Skin vascular reactivity, in response to iontophoresis of sodium nitroprusside (SNP), was evaluated at the forearm and foot in 13 neuropathic diabetic (DN) and 11 nonneuropathic diabetic (D) patients and 9 healthy, nondiabetic subjects who served as controls (C). The direct (DI) and nerve axon reflex-related (N-V) vasodilation were measured by using two single-point laser Doppler probes. The vasodilation in response to local warming was also assessed. A topical anesthetic was applied on the contralateral forearm and foot and all the measurements were repeated. Results. Dermal anesthesia resulted in a reduction of the direct vasodilation to SNP at the forearm [C: 58.1 +/- 16, D: 60.6 +/- 11%, and DN: 48.3 +/- 37% (postanesthesia percentage of reduction; mean +/- SEM), P < 0.01] and at the foot in all three groups (D: 38.5 +/- 12%, P < 0.01; C: 27.2 +/- 14% and DN: 11.3 +/- 17.5%, P = NS). The N-V related vasodilation was very low before and did not change after local anesthesia. The postanesthesia hyperemic response to warming was significantly reduced at low temperatures but did not change at 44degreesC. Conclusion. The sodium nitroprusside-related vasodilation is reduced after local anesthesia in a similar way in healthy subjects and diabetic patients with and without neuropathy. The response to heating is also reduced at low temperatures. This indicates a stabilizing effect of local anesthesia on the smooth muscle cell. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Caselli A., U.L. (2003). Local anesthesia reduces the maximal skin vasodilation during iontophoresis of sodium nitroprusside and heating. MICROVASCULAR RESEARCH [10.1016/S0026-2862(03)00053-0].
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Caselli A., U.L. (2003). Local anesthesia reduces the maximal skin vasodilation during iontophoresis of sodium nitroprusside and heating. MICROVASCULAR RESEARCH [10.1016/S0026-2862(03)00053-0].|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0026-2862(03)00053-0|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Titolo:||Local anesthesia reduces the maximal skin vasodilation during iontophoresis of sodium nitroprusside and heating|
|Autori:||Caselli A., Uccioli L., Khaodhiar L., Veves A.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|