BACKGROUND: Proper maternal thyroid function is necessary for a successful pregnancy. In order to identify women who may experience miscarriage due to transient impairment of the pituitary-thyroid axis in early pregnancy, we aimed to investigate the ratio between basal and peak thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) [following stimulus with thyrotrophin-releasing hormone (TRH)] in euthyroid women with unexplained recurrent miscarriage (RM). METHODS: We have established a 'iTSHa index' (TSH increase after TRH adjusted for the levels of basal TSH), determining TSH serum levels at time 0 and 20 min after TRH stimulus in 463 consecutive women attending two antenatal care units for two or more miscarriages occurring within the first 10 weeks of pregnancy. RESULTS: The mean basal TSH serum levels were higher (P < 0.001) in RM women [2.1 ŒºIU/ml; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.0-2.2] compared with the controls (1.3 ŒºIU/ml; 95% CI: 1.2-1.4). Establishing serum TSH at an individual level, a large overlap was observed and the receiver operating characteristic curves did not allow us to find an optimal cut-off point with an adequate sensitivity/specificity ratio. Therefore, we suggest a novel statistical model, the 'iTSHa index' (available on www.afar.it/tsh-trh-miscarriage), that is capable of identifying women with RM due to transient thyroid function impairment of the early pregnancy, in particular when baseline serum TSH is less than 1.5 ŒºIU/ml, i.e. well below the conventional upper cut-off indicated as 'safe' in those who want to conceive. CONCLUSIONS: A transient impairment of thyroid function in early pregnancy may cause an inadequate adaptation to the increased thyroid requirement and may be implicated in RM. The evaluation of the proposed iTSHa index, if validated in a larger cohort of patients, may provide information useful to identifying a subset of healthy women, without evidence of thyroid dysfunction or autoimmunity and a TSH in the low-normal reference range, who may be at risk of RM.
Dal Lago, A., Vaquero Martin, M.E., Pasqualetti, P., Lazzarin, N., De Carolis, C., Perricone, R., et al. (2011). Prediction of early pregnancy maternal thyroid impairment in women affected with unexplained recurrent miscarriage. HUMAN REPRODUCTION, 26(6), 1324-1330.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Dal Lago, A., Vaquero Martin, M.E., Pasqualetti, P., Lazzarin, N., De Carolis, C., Perricone, R., et al. (2011). Prediction of early pregnancy maternal thyroid impairment in women affected with unexplained recurrent miscarriage. HUMAN REPRODUCTION, 26(6), 1324-1330.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/humrep/der069|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Titolo:||Prediction of early pregnancy maternal thyroid impairment in women affected with unexplained recurrent miscarriage.|
|Autori:||Dal Lago, A; Vaquero Martin, ME; Pasqualetti, P; Lazzarin, N; De Carolis, C; Perricone, R; Moretti, C|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|