Chemical-vapor-deposited (CVD) diamond films are considered as neutron detectors for nuclear fusion devices because of their radiation hardness. Data about the radiation hardness of polycrystalline CVD diamond films exposed to 14 MeV neutron are missing in literature so the actual capability of CVD diamond detectors to withstand fusion device conditions must be truly demonstrated. In this work a polycrystalline CVD diamond detector, 101 mu m thick, was irradiated for the first time with 14 MeV neutrons produced by the Fusion Neutron Source of the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute with the goal to study its radiation hardness. The 14 MeV neutron fluence was 8x10(14) n/cm(2). The film performances were studied before and after the 14 MeV neutron irradiation by using 5.5 MeV alpha from Am-241 source, both in the pumped and the "as-grown" state. A comparison with previous measurements performed in more soft neutron spectra (mean neutron energy of 1-2 MeV) is reported pointing out the more damaging effects of the 14 MeV neutrons. It was found that annealing at 500 degrees C and redeposition of the gold contact followed by a proper pumping procedure will restore more than 70% the initial working conditions of the irradiated detector. An analysis of the neutron field expected in the neutron camera of the International Thermonuclear Reactor fusion tokamak was also performed, showing the capability of CVD diamond detector to withstand the 14 MeV neutron fluence expected in about one year of operation.

Angelone, M., Pillon, M., Balducci, A., Marinelli, M., Milani, E., Morgada, M., et al. (2006). Radiation hardness of a polycrystalline chemical-vapor-deposited diamond detector irradiated with 14 MeV neutrons. REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS, 77(2), 023505 [10.1063/1.2167130].

Radiation hardness of a polycrystalline chemical-vapor-deposited diamond detector irradiated with 14 MeV neutrons

MARINELLI, MARCO;MILANI, ENRICO;TUCCIARONE, ALDO;VERONA RINATI, GIANLUCA;
2006

Abstract

Chemical-vapor-deposited (CVD) diamond films are considered as neutron detectors for nuclear fusion devices because of their radiation hardness. Data about the radiation hardness of polycrystalline CVD diamond films exposed to 14 MeV neutron are missing in literature so the actual capability of CVD diamond detectors to withstand fusion device conditions must be truly demonstrated. In this work a polycrystalline CVD diamond detector, 101 mu m thick, was irradiated for the first time with 14 MeV neutrons produced by the Fusion Neutron Source of the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute with the goal to study its radiation hardness. The 14 MeV neutron fluence was 8x10(14) n/cm(2). The film performances were studied before and after the 14 MeV neutron irradiation by using 5.5 MeV alpha from Am-241 source, both in the pumped and the "as-grown" state. A comparison with previous measurements performed in more soft neutron spectra (mean neutron energy of 1-2 MeV) is reported pointing out the more damaging effects of the 14 MeV neutrons. It was found that annealing at 500 degrees C and redeposition of the gold contact followed by a proper pumping procedure will restore more than 70% the initial working conditions of the irradiated detector. An analysis of the neutron field expected in the neutron camera of the International Thermonuclear Reactor fusion tokamak was also performed, showing the capability of CVD diamond detector to withstand the 14 MeV neutron fluence expected in about one year of operation.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
CVD-DIAMOND; IIA DIAMOND; PARTICLE DETECTORS; DAMAGE; EFFICIENCY; PHYSICS; ENERGY
Angelone, M., Pillon, M., Balducci, A., Marinelli, M., Milani, E., Morgada, M., et al. (2006). Radiation hardness of a polycrystalline chemical-vapor-deposited diamond detector irradiated with 14 MeV neutrons. REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS, 77(2), 023505 [10.1063/1.2167130].
Angelone, M; Pillon, M; Balducci, A; Marinelli, M; Milani, E; Morgada, M; Pucella, G; Tucciarone, A; VERONA RINATI, G; Ochiai, K; Nishitani, T
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/51733
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