FAB proposals for the diagnosis of AML-M0 represent the formal recognition of a distinct entity which has been described over the past few years by several authors and called minimally differentiated acute myeloid leukemia. By definition, AML-M0 includes acute leukemias which do not fit morphological and cytochemical criteria for the diagnosis of AML, and for which myeloid lineage assignment can be made by immunological assay showing positivity for MPO, CD13, and CD33 and negativity for lymphoid markers. Involvement of an early myeloid progenitor in the leukemic process is a possible theory hypothesized to explain the existence of such a form. Validity of this assumption has been based on the observation that AML-M0 frequently bears 'stem cell' markers such as CD34, HLA-DR, Tdt, CD7, and promiscuous IgH/TCR gene rearrangements, which are thought to occur in uncommitted cells. Finally, AML-M0 very frequently carries cytogenetic abnormalities common to MDS or secondary AML, such as -5/5q- or -7/7q- deletions and or complex karyotype. In our experience, AML-M0 is also very often associated with the MDR phenotype, which in turn has been found strictly linked to 'stem cell' features, especially in MDS. These biological aspects, altogether, translate into a very unfavorable prognosis, confirming even from a clinical point of view that AML-M0 is a distinct entity. In conclusion, 'stem cell' markers, MDR phenotype, complex chromosome lesions, frequent occurrence in elderly patients, and intrinsic chemoresistance characterize AML-M0 and indicate the need for tailored treatments, possibly involving the use of MDR modulators and/or differentiating agents.
Amadori, S., Venditti, A., Del Poeta, G., Stasi, R., Buccisano, F., Bruno, A., et al. (1996). Minimally differentiated acute myeloid leukemia (AML-MO): A distinct clinico-biologic entity with poor prognosis. ANNALS OF HEMATOLOGY, 72(4), 208-215 [10.1007/s002770050162].
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Amadori, S., Venditti, A., Del Poeta, G., Stasi, R., Buccisano, F., Bruno, A., et al. (1996). Minimally differentiated acute myeloid leukemia (AML-MO): A distinct clinico-biologic entity with poor prognosis. ANNALS OF HEMATOLOGY, 72(4), 208-215 [10.1007/s002770050162].|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002770050162|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Titolo:||Minimally differentiated acute myeloid leukemia (AML-MO): A distinct clinico-biologic entity with poor prognosis|
|Autori:||Amadori, S; Venditti, A; Del Poeta, G; Stasi, R; Buccisano, F; Bruno, A; Tamburini, A; Cox, M; Maffei, L; Aronica, G; Simone, M; Adorno, G; Masi, M; Tribalto, M; Papa, G|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|