The accumulation of adriamycin (ADR), dalmomycin (DAUNO) and their glutathione (GSH)-conjugates, recently obtained by anaerobic reaction of the parent anthracyclines with reduced GSH, was examined in drug-sensitive and multidrug resistant (MDR) cell lines using confocal laser scanning microscopy. In all drug-sensitive lines used (TVM-A12 and TVM-A197 human melanoma cells, K562 lymphoblastoid cells and MCF-7 human breast cancer cells) ADR and DAUNO were mostly located in the nuclei, while their GSH-conjugates were found only in the cytoplasm, predominantly in the Golgi region. On the contrary in MDR MCF-7/Dox cells, both conjugated and non conjugated anthracyclines gave fluorescence only in the cytoplasm, mostly in the Golgi region, the intensity, of the fluorescence being stronger in cells pretreated with verapamil. Viability assay showed that the GSH-conjugate are significantly less cytotoxic than the parent anthracyclines in sensitive cells and showed the same scarce cytotoxicity in MDR MCF-7/Dox cells. These results demonstrate that conjugation of anthracycline antitumor drugs with GSH prevents their access to the nucleus and decreases their cytotoxicity. Furthermore, the observations on MCF-7/Dox suggest that GSH-conjugation of anthracycline might occur in resistant cells and can be in part responsible for the MDR in breast cancer cells.
Serafino A., S.P. (1998). Cytoplasmic localization of anthracycline antitumor drugs conjugated with reduced glutathione: a possible correlation with multidrug resistance mechanisms. ANTICANCER RESEARCH, 18(1899/12/30 02:00:00.000), 1159-1166.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Serafino A., S.P. (1998). Cytoplasmic localization of anthracycline antitumor drugs conjugated with reduced glutathione: a possible correlation with multidrug resistance mechanisms. ANTICANCER RESEARCH, 18(1899/12/30 02:00:00.000), 1159-1166.|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Titolo:||Cytoplasmic localization of anthracycline antitumor drugs conjugated with reduced glutathione: a possible correlation with multidrug resistance mechanisms|
|Autori:||Serafino A., Sinibaldi-Vallebona P., Gaudiano G., Koch T.H., Rasi G., Garaci E., Ravagnan G.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|