Background-It is uncertain whether Helicobacter pylori is associated with isehemic syndromes and whether this association is mediated by the induction of atherosclerosis. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that atherosclerotic stroke shows a selective association with virulent H pylori strains. Methods and Results-The seroprevalence of infection by H pylori and by strains bearing the cytotoxin-associated gene-A (CagA), a strong virulence factor, was assessed by ELISA in 138 patients with large-vessel stroke (group A), is 61 patients with cardioembolic stroke (group B), and in 151 healthy control subjects. The 3 groups had a similar socioeconomic status. Serum levels of C-reactive protein were also measured by ELISA. The prevalence of infection was 71% in group A, 63.9% in group B, and 70.2% in the control group (P=NS), whereas the prevalence of CagA-positive strains was higher in group A than in group B (42.8% versus 19.7%, respectively; odds ratio 3.04, 95% CI 1.43 to 6.49; P<0.001) and higher in group A than in the control group (42.8% versus 17.9%, respectively; odds ratio 4.3, 95% CI 2.12 to 8.64; P<0.001), after adjusting for main cardiovascular risk factors and social class, A trend toward a difference in C-reactive protein was observed between CagA-positive (2.00+/-3.43 [mean+/-SD] mg/dL) and CagA-negative (1.31+/-1.72 [mean+/-SD] mg/dL) patients (P=0.072, Mann-Whitney U test). Conclusions-The association between H pylori and acute cerebrovascular disease seems to be due to a higher prevalence of more virulent H pylori strains in patients with atherosclerotic stroke.
Pietroiusti, A., Diomedi, M., Silvestrini, M., Cupini, L.M., Luzzi, I., Gomez-Miguel, M.J., et al. (2002). Cytotoxin-associated gene-A-positive Helicobacter pylori strains are associated with atherosclerotic stroke. CIRCULATION, 106(5), 580-584.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Pietroiusti, A., Diomedi, M., Silvestrini, M., Cupini, L.M., Luzzi, I., Gomez-Miguel, M.J., et al. (2002). Cytotoxin-associated gene-A-positive Helicobacter pylori strains are associated with atherosclerotic stroke. CIRCULATION, 106(5), 580-584.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/44 - Medicina del Lavoro|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.0000023894.10871.2F|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Titolo:||Cytotoxin-associated gene-A-positive Helicobacter pylori strains are associated with atherosclerotic stroke|
|Autori:||Pietroiusti, A; Diomedi, M; Silvestrini, M; Cupini, LM; Luzzi, I; Gomez-Miguel, MJ; Bergamaschi, A; Magrini, A; Carrabs, T; Vellini, M; Galante, A|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|