Several reports have established that the action of neurotrophins is not restricted to the nervous system but can affect a broad range of non-neuronal cells. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is present in adult testis and has been suggested as a potential regulator of meiosis in rat seminiferous epithelium. Here we present an extensive immunohistochemical study on neurotrophins and their receptors (p75 and trk) in the developing mouse testis and epididymis, and in fetal human testis. During the early steps of testicular and epididymal organization in the mouse, strong p75 immunoreactivity is detectable in the gonadal ridge in the mesenchyme that is excluded from the evolving testicular cords, and in the mesenchymal cells of the mesonephros. Later in organogenesis, most of the p75-positive interstitial cells of the testis coexpress neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and the truncated trk B receptor in a developmentally regulated pattern. Our Western blot data confirm the expression of these molecules. These findings suggest that neurotrophin receptors play a role in early inductive events during critical periods of testicular and epididymal development. During fetal and postnatal histogenesis, an increasing number of NT-3- and p75-positive mesenchymal cells start to express or-smooth muscle isoactin, suggesting a role for the so-called neurotrophic system in the differentiation of testicular myoid cells and epididymal smooth muscle cells. In the testis of an 18-wk gestational-age human fetus, immunohistochemical analysis has shown intense immunoreactivity of mesenchymal cells to antibodies for neurotrophin receptors p75, trk A, and trk C, and their ligands NGF and NT-3. In addition, we found that in the human fetal testis, the interstitial cells that are differentiating into peritubular myoid cells are associated with a dense network of nerve fibers. Our data suggest that neurotrophins and their receptors are involved in a multifunctional system that regulates cell differentiation and innervation in the developing testis and epididymis.
Russo, M., Giustizieri, M., Favale, A., Fantini, M., Campagnolo, L., Konda, D., et al. (1999). Spatiotemporal patterns of expression of neurotrophins and neurotrophin receptors in mice suggest functional roles in testicular and epididymal morphogenesis. BIOLOGY OF REPRODUCTION, 61(4), 1123-1132.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Russo, M., Giustizieri, M., Favale, A., Fantini, M., Campagnolo, L., Konda, D., et al. (1999). Spatiotemporal patterns of expression of neurotrophins and neurotrophin receptors in mice suggest functional roles in testicular and epididymal morphogenesis. BIOLOGY OF REPRODUCTION, 61(4), 1123-1132.|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/17|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod61.4.1123|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Titolo:||Spatiotemporal patterns of expression of neurotrophins and neurotrophin receptors in mice suggest functional roles in testicular and epididymal morphogenesis|
|Autori:||Russo, M; Giustizieri, M; Favale, A; Fantini, M; Campagnolo, L; Konda, D; Germano, F; Farini, D; Manna, C; Siracusa, G|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|