The arterial wall in aged animals shows an increased susceptibility to develop atherosclerotic lesions, although the mechanisms by which aging acts are still unclear. We investigated early aortic lesions in aged rabbits (5 to 6 years old, AH group) and young rabbits (2 months old,YH group) after 2 months of 0.2% cholesterol feeding. Fatty streaks or spots mainly in the proximal segments occupied a relative surface area that was greater in AH than in YH rabbits, although plasma cholesterol and lipoprotein levels did not differ. YH lesions showed an irregular endothelial profile mainly from accumulations of large, rounded, RAM 11-positive macrophagic foam cells. There was a higher percentage of myocytic, CD-5-positive, proliferating, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL)-positive cells and larger accumulation of glycosaminoglycans in AH fatty streaks than in YH lesions. Ligation-mediated polymerase chain reaction confirmed differences in apoptosis. Early fibromuscular coats and subendothelial plasma-like insudate were also observed in AH lesions. Aged-matched normocholesterolemic rabbits showed a diffuse aortic intimal thickening composed of myocytic cells with a synthetic phenotype and extracellular matrix rich in glycosaminoglycans. In addition, in aged rabbits, we observed a spontaneous increase of monocytes adhering to the endothelial surface and a reduced expression of endothelial: nitric oxide synthase in areas distant from the branches. These plasma cholesterol-independent spontaneous changes in the aortic wall of aged rabbits seem to act as a multiple atherogenic risk factor. Moreover, age-related differences in the distribution, composition, and proliferative and apoptotic rates represent crucial events during the progression of early fatty streaks to advanced plaques.
Orlandi, A., Marcellini, M., & Spagnoli, L.G. (2000). Aging influences development and progression of early aortic atherosclerotic lesions in cholesterol-fed rabbits. ARTERIOSCLEROSIS, THROMBOSIS, AND VASCULAR BIOLOGY, 20(4), 1123-1136.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Orlandi, A., Marcellini, M., & Spagnoli, L.G. (2000). Aging influences development and progression of early aortic atherosclerotic lesions in cholesterol-fed rabbits. ARTERIOSCLEROSIS, THROMBOSIS, AND VASCULAR BIOLOGY, 20(4), 1123-1136.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Titolo:||Aging influences development and progression of early aortic atherosclerotic lesions in cholesterol-fed rabbits|
|Autori:||Orlandi, A; Marcellini, M; Spagnoli, LG|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|