Objective: There is evidence from animal studies that fluoxetine may enhance the concentrations of neuroactive steroids. Therefore, the authors investigated whether clinically effective treatment with antidepressants may alter the concentrations of neuroactive steroids in patients suffering from a major depressive episode. Method: In the first study, eight drug-native outpatients with major depression were studied during treatment with fluoxetine. In a complementary study, 11 inpatients with major depression were studied during a severe depressive episode and after recovery following treatment with different antidepressants. Plasma samples were quantified for neuroactive steroids by means of a highly sensitive and specific combined gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis. Results: During depression, there tons a significant ;decrease in 3 alpha, 5 alpha-tetrahydroprogesterone (3 alpha, 5 alpha-THP) and 3 alpha, 5 beta-THP concentrations, both of which are positive modulators of the gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) receptor, and a concomitant increase in 3 beta, 5 alpha-THP levels. This dysequilibrium of neuroactive steroids could be corrected by treatment with different antidepressants. Conclusions: These results provide the first clinical evidence of a possible role of neuroactive steroids in successful antidepressant therapy.
Romeo, E., Strohle, A., Spalletta, G., di Michele, F., Hermann, B., Holsboer, F., et al. (1998). Effects of antidepressant treatment on neuroactive steroids in major depression. THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY, 155(7), 910-913.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Romeo, E., Strohle, A., Spalletta, G., di Michele, F., Hermann, B., Holsboer, F., et al. (1998). Effects of antidepressant treatment on neuroactive steroids in major depression. THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY, 155(7), 910-913.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09|
Settore MED/39 - Neuropsichiatria Infantile
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Titolo:||Effects of antidepressant treatment on neuroactive steroids in major depression|
|Autori:||Romeo, E; Strohle, A; Spalletta, G; di Michele, F; Hermann, B; Holsboer, F; Pasini, A; Rupprecht, R|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|