Aims Erythropoietin (EPO)-deficient anaemia has been described in Type 1 diabetic patients with both severe autonomic neuropathy (AN) and proteinuria. This study was aimed at distinguishing between the effects of AN and nephropathy on haemoglobin and EPO levels in Type 2 diabetic patients at an early stage of diabetic nephropathy. Methods In 64 Type 2 diabetic patients (age 52 +/- 10 years, duration 10 +/- 9 years) without overt nephropathy and other causes of anaemia or EPO deficit, we assessed cardiovascular tests of AN, 24-h blood pressure (BP) monitoring, urinary albumin excretion rate (UAE), a full blood count, and serum EPO. Results Although the Type 2 diabetic patients with AN did not show differences in haemoglobin and EPO when compared with patients without AN, the presence of haemoglobin < 13 g/dl was associated with the presence of AN (chi(2)= 3.9, P < 0.05) and of postural hypotension (chi(2)= 7.8, P < 0.05). In a multiple regression analysis including as independent variables gender, body mass index, duration of diabetes, smoking, creatinine, 24-h UAE, 24-h diastolic BP, ferritin, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and autonomic score, we found that the only variables independently related to haematocrit were autonomic score, ferritin and erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Finally, the physiological inverse relationship between EPO and haemoglobin present in a control group of 42 non-diabetic non-anaemic subjects was completely lost in Type 2 diabetic patients. The slopes of the regression lines between EPO and haemoglobin of the control subjects and the Type 2 diabetic patients were significantly different (t = 14.4, P < 0.0001). Conclusion This study documents an early abnormality of EPO regulation in Type 2 diabetes before clinical nephropathy and points to a contributory role of AN in EPO dysregulation.
Spallone, V., Maiello, M.R., Kurukulasuriya, N., Barini, A., Lovecchio, M., Tartaglione, R., et al. (2004). Does autonomic neuropathy play a role in erythropoietin regulation in non-proteinuric Type 2 diabetic patients?. DIABETIC MEDICINE, 21(11), 1174-1180.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Spallone, V., Maiello, M.R., Kurukulasuriya, N., Barini, A., Lovecchio, M., Tartaglione, R., et al. (2004). Does autonomic neuropathy play a role in erythropoietin regulation in non-proteinuric Type 2 diabetic patients?. DIABETIC MEDICINE, 21(11), 1174-1180.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2004.01306.x|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-2004|
|Titolo:||Does autonomic neuropathy play a role in erythropoietin regulation in non-proteinuric Type 2 diabetic patients?|
|Autori:||Spallone, V; Maiello, MR; Kurukulasuriya, N; Barini, A; Lovecchio, M; Tartaglione, R; Mennuni, G; Menzinger, G|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|