Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is a family of nuclear proteins which regulate a number of cell functions, such as DNA repair, transcription, remodelling of chromatin structure, cell division and cell death, We and others have recently demonstrated that down-regulation of cellular PARP activity, using pharmacological inhibitors, impairs a number of endothelial functions and angiogenesis. In the present study, we investigated the potential mechanisms underlying the anti-angiogenic effect exerted by the potent PARP inhibitor GPI 15427, analyzing gene expression in human endothelial cells shortly after treatment with this compound. Analysis of gene and protein expression indicated that a 2-h exposure of human endothelial cells to GPI 15427 induced a rapid decrease of syndecan-4 (SDC-4), a transmembrane protein involved in modulation of cell signalling during angiogenesis that plays a role in endothelial cell migration and adhesion. Moreover, treatment with the PARP inhibitor induced a reduction of a helix-loop-helix transcription factor, the inhibitor of DNA binding-1 (Id-1), also implicated in the control of endothelial functions. We suggest that the inhibitory effect exerted by GPI 15427 on the angiogenic process is likely clue to the reduced activity of specific transcription factors, such as Oct-1 and CREB that contribute to the regulation of SDC-4 and Id-1 expression, respectively. In conclusion, these results strongly suggest that PARP activity is capable of modulating molecules required for endothelial cell migration, adhesion, proliferation or differentiation during the angiogenic process.
Lacal, P.m., Tentori, L., Muzi, A., Ruffini, F., Dorio, A.s., Xu, W., et al. (2009). Pharmacological inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activity down-regulates the expression of syndecan-4 and Id-1 in endothelial cells. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ONCOLOGY, 34(3), 861-872 [10.3892/ijo_00000213].