We derive a perturbation theory, based on the renormalization group, for the Fermi surface of a one dimensional system of fermions in a periodic potential interacting via a short range, spin independent potential. The infrared problem is studied by writing the Schwinger functions in terms of running couplings. Their flow is described by a Beta function, whose existence and analyticity as a function of the running couplings is proved. If the fermions are spinless we prove that the Beta function is vanishing and the renormalization flow is bounded for any small interaction. If the fermions are spinning the Beta function is not vanishing but, if the conduction band is not filled or half filled and the interaction is repulsive, it is possible again to control the flow proving the partial asymptotic freedom of the theory. This is done showing that the Beta function is partially vanishing using the exact solution of the Mattis model, which is the spin analogue of the Luttinger model. In both these cases Schwinger functions are anomalous so that the system is a ''Lutttinger liquid.'' Our results extend the work in [B.G.P.S], where neither spin nor periodic potential were considered; an explicit proof of some technical results used but not explicitly proved there is also provided.

Bonetto, F., & Mastropietro, V. (1995). Beta function and anomaly of the Fermi surface for a d=1 system of interacting fermions in a periodic potential. COMMUNICATIONS IN MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS, 172(1), 57-93 [10.1007/BF02104511].

Beta function and anomaly of the Fermi surface for a d=1 system of interacting fermions in a periodic potential

MASTROPIETRO, VIERI
1995

Abstract

We derive a perturbation theory, based on the renormalization group, for the Fermi surface of a one dimensional system of fermions in a periodic potential interacting via a short range, spin independent potential. The infrared problem is studied by writing the Schwinger functions in terms of running couplings. Their flow is described by a Beta function, whose existence and analyticity as a function of the running couplings is proved. If the fermions are spinless we prove that the Beta function is vanishing and the renormalization flow is bounded for any small interaction. If the fermions are spinning the Beta function is not vanishing but, if the conduction band is not filled or half filled and the interaction is repulsive, it is possible again to control the flow proving the partial asymptotic freedom of the theory. This is done showing that the Beta function is partially vanishing using the exact solution of the Mattis model, which is the spin analogue of the Luttinger model. In both these cases Schwinger functions are anomalous so that the system is a ''Lutttinger liquid.'' Our results extend the work in [B.G.P.S], where neither spin nor periodic potential were considered; an explicit proof of some technical results used but not explicitly proved there is also provided.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore MAT/07 - Fisica Matematica
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
RENORMALIZATION-GROUP; LUTTINGER MODEL; FIELD-THEORY
http://www.springerlink.com/content/j27724x15m703342/
Bonetto, F., & Mastropietro, V. (1995). Beta function and anomaly of the Fermi surface for a d=1 system of interacting fermions in a periodic potential. COMMUNICATIONS IN MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS, 172(1), 57-93 [10.1007/BF02104511].
Bonetto, F; Mastropietro, V
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/43746
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