In the present study, the body composition was measured in 35 Ukrainian children, 14 boys and 21 girls, aged 8-12 years, by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), anthropometry, and bioelectrical impedance. The results were compared with those obtained from a sample of the same number of Italian and Dutch children of the same sex and range of age. The Ukrainian children were slightly smaller, had a lower body weight, and had a lower body fat percentage, as measured by skinfolds, as compared with the Italian and Dutch children, as well as a lower calculated fat-free mass (FFM) by impendance. Comparison between FFM as determined by different methods in the Ukrainian children showed that all assessed values differed significantly. In particular, all methods overestimated the FFM as compared with DEXA, but the differences between DEXA and the other methods were not dependent on the level of FFM as determined by DEXA. Furthermore, the difference between predicted FFM and FFM values obtained by DEXA was correlated for skinfolds and body mass index (r = 0.77, p < 0.01), but not for body mass index and impedance, or skinfolds and impedance. The mean differences were 1.8 +/- 1.5 for body mass index, 1.0 +/- 1.4 for impedance, and 3.6 +/- 1.6 for skinfolds. Some differences in the body composition have also been found between boys and girls. The boys had higher values of lean tissue (23.3 +/- 3.1 vs. 20.7 +/- 3.3; p < 0.01) and FFM (24.5 +/- 3.3 vs. 21.8 +/- 3.5; p < 0.01) as compared with the girls and slightly higher values of bone mineral content. It should be noted, however, that the differences between different groups and different methods are always small, even when they are statistically significant.
De Lorenzo A., C.N. (1996). Comparison of the body composition of age-matched Italian, Ukrainian, and Dutch children. ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM, 40(3), 123-128.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||De Lorenzo A., C.N. (1996). Comparison of the body composition of age-matched Italian, Ukrainian, and Dutch children. ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM, 40(3), 123-128.|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche|
|Revisione (peer review):||Nessuno|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Titolo:||Comparison of the body composition of age-matched Italian, Ukrainian, and Dutch children|
|Autori:||De Lorenzo A., Candeloro N., Docimo R., Andreoli A., Bollea M.R., Deurenberg P.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|