Skeletal muscle cells are continuously exposed to oxidative stress. Thus, they compensate environmental challenges by increasing adaptive responses, characterized by activating protein 1 (AP-1)- and nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB)-mediated transcriptional upregulation of endogenous enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants. We investigated the crosstalk of molecules involved in redox signaling in muscle cells, by using the rat L6C5 and mouse C2C12 cell lines, which represent a useful experimental model for studying muscle metabolism. We analyzed specific antioxidant systems, including glutathione, thioredoxin reductase, and antioxidant enzymes, and the redox-sensitive transcription factors AP-1 and NF-kappaB, in both myoblasts and myotubes. We found that the high levels of NF-kappaB DNA binding activity and thioredoxin reductase, together with inhibitory AP-1 complexes, allowed increased expression of antioxidant enzymes and survival of C2C12 cells after oxidant exposure. On the contrary, L6C5 myoblasts had a sensitive phenotype, correlated with lower levels of thioredoxin reductase, catalase, and NF-kappaB activity and higher levels of GSSG and activating AP-1 complexes. Interestingly, this cell line acquired an apoptosis-resistant phenotype, accompanied by drastic changes in the oxidant/antioxidant balance, when induced to differentiate. In conclusion, the two cell lines, although similar in terms of growth and differentiation, displayed significant heterogeneity in terms of redox homeostasis. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Catani, M.V., Savini, I., Duranti, G., Caporossi, D., Ceci, R., Sabatini, S., et al. (2004). Nuclear factor kappa B and activating protein 1 are involved in differentiation-related resistance to oxidative stress in skeletal muscle cells. FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY & MEDICINE, 37(7), 1024-1036 [10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2004.06.021].

Nuclear factor kappa B and activating protein 1 are involved in differentiation-related resistance to oxidative stress in skeletal muscle cells

CATANI, MARIA VALERIA;SAVINI, ISABELLA;AVIGLIANO, LUCIANA
2004

Abstract

Skeletal muscle cells are continuously exposed to oxidative stress. Thus, they compensate environmental challenges by increasing adaptive responses, characterized by activating protein 1 (AP-1)- and nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB)-mediated transcriptional upregulation of endogenous enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants. We investigated the crosstalk of molecules involved in redox signaling in muscle cells, by using the rat L6C5 and mouse C2C12 cell lines, which represent a useful experimental model for studying muscle metabolism. We analyzed specific antioxidant systems, including glutathione, thioredoxin reductase, and antioxidant enzymes, and the redox-sensitive transcription factors AP-1 and NF-kappaB, in both myoblasts and myotubes. We found that the high levels of NF-kappaB DNA binding activity and thioredoxin reductase, together with inhibitory AP-1 complexes, allowed increased expression of antioxidant enzymes and survival of C2C12 cells after oxidant exposure. On the contrary, L6C5 myoblasts had a sensitive phenotype, correlated with lower levels of thioredoxin reductase, catalase, and NF-kappaB activity and higher levels of GSSG and activating AP-1 complexes. Interestingly, this cell line acquired an apoptosis-resistant phenotype, accompanied by drastic changes in the oxidant/antioxidant balance, when induced to differentiate. In conclusion, the two cell lines, although similar in terms of growth and differentiation, displayed significant heterogeneity in terms of redox homeostasis. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore MED/49 - Scienze Tecniche Dietetiche Applicate
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Activating protein 1; Free radicals; Nuclear factor κB; Oxidative stress; Redox; Thiol state
Catani, M.V., Savini, I., Duranti, G., Caporossi, D., Ceci, R., Sabatini, S., et al. (2004). Nuclear factor kappa B and activating protein 1 are involved in differentiation-related resistance to oxidative stress in skeletal muscle cells. FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY & MEDICINE, 37(7), 1024-1036 [10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2004.06.021].
Catani, Mv; Savini, I; Duranti, G; Caporossi, D; Ceci, R; Sabatini, S; Avigliano, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/40502
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