We evaluated glutathione transferase (GST) activities and the levels of glutathionylated hemoglobin in the RBCof 42 workers exposed to 1,3-butadiene in a petrochemical plant, using 43 workers not exposed to 1,3-butadiene and 82 foresters as internal and external controls, respectively. Median 1,3-butadiene exposure levels were 1.5, 0.4, and 0.1 Mg/m3 in 1,3-butadieneexposed workers, in workers not directly exposed to 1,3-butadiene, and in foresters, respectively. In addition, we determined in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of the same individuals the presence of GST polymorphic genes GSTT1 and GSTM1 and the distribution of GSTP1 allelic variants. Comparing the mean values observed in petrochemical workers with those of control foresters, we found a marked decrease of GST enzymatic activity and a significant increase of glutathionylated hemoglobin in the petrochemical workers. A weak but significant negative correlation was found between levels of 1,3-butadiene exposure and GST activity, whereas a positive correlation was found between 1,3-butadiene exposure and glutathionylated hemoglobin. A negative correlation was also observed between GST activity and glutathionylated hemoglobin. No influence of confounders was observed. Using a multiple linear regression model, up to 50.6% and 41.9% of the variability observed in glutathionylated hemoglobin and GST activity, respectively, were explained by 1,3- butadiene exposure, working setting, and GSTT1 genotype. These results indicate that occupational exposure to 1,3-butadiene induces an oxidative stress that impairs the GST balance in RBC, and suggest that GST activity and glutathionylated hemoglobin could be recommended as promising biomarkers of effect in petrochemical workers.
Primavera, A., Fustinoni, S., Biroccio, A., Ballerini, S., Urbani, A., Bernardini, S., et al. (2008). Glutathione transferases and glutathionylated hemoglobin in workers exposed to low doses of 1,3-butadiene. CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY BIOMARKERS & PREVENTION, 17(11), 3004-3012.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Primavera, A., Fustinoni, S., Biroccio, A., Ballerini, S., Urbani, A., Bernardini, S., et al. (2008). Glutathione transferases and glutathionylated hemoglobin in workers exposed to low doses of 1,3-butadiene. CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY BIOMARKERS & PREVENTION, 17(11), 3004-3012.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/12|
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-08-0443|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Titolo:||Glutathione transferases and glutathionylated hemoglobin in workers exposed to low doses of 1,3-butadiene.|
|Autori:||Primavera, A; Fustinoni, S; Biroccio, A; Ballerini, S; Urbani, A; Bernardini, S; Federici, G; Capucci, E; Manno, M; Lo Bello, M|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|
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