Several methods have been developed to investigate the cerebral generators of scalp somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs), because simple visual inspection of the electroencephalographic signal does not allow for immediate identification of the active brain regions. When the neurons fired by the afferent inputs are closely grouped, as usually occurs in SEP generation, they can be represented as a dipole, that is, as a linear source with two opposite poles. Several techniques for dipolar source modeling, which use different algorithms, have been employed to build source models of early, middle-latency, and late cognitive SEPs. Modifications of SEP dipolar activities after experimental maneuvers or in pathological conditions have also been observed. Although the effectiveness of dipolar source analysis should not be overestimated due to the intrinsic limitations of the approach, dipole modeling provides a means to assess SEPs in terms of cerebral sources and voltage fields that they produce over the head.

Valeriani, M., Le Pera, D., Tonali, P. (2001). Characterizing somatosensory evoked potential sources with dipole models: advantages and limitations. MUSCLE & NERVE, 24(3), 325-339 [10.1002/1097-4598(200103)24:3<325::aid-mus1002>3.0.co;2-0].

Characterizing somatosensory evoked potential sources with dipole models: advantages and limitations

Valeriani, M;
2001-03-01

Abstract

Several methods have been developed to investigate the cerebral generators of scalp somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs), because simple visual inspection of the electroencephalographic signal does not allow for immediate identification of the active brain regions. When the neurons fired by the afferent inputs are closely grouped, as usually occurs in SEP generation, they can be represented as a dipole, that is, as a linear source with two opposite poles. Several techniques for dipolar source modeling, which use different algorithms, have been employed to build source models of early, middle-latency, and late cognitive SEPs. Modifications of SEP dipolar activities after experimental maneuvers or in pathological conditions have also been observed. Although the effectiveness of dipolar source analysis should not be overestimated due to the intrinsic limitations of the approach, dipole modeling provides a means to assess SEPs in terms of cerebral sources and voltage fields that they produce over the head.
mar-2001
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore MED/39
English
Valeriani, M., Le Pera, D., Tonali, P. (2001). Characterizing somatosensory evoked potential sources with dipole models: advantages and limitations. MUSCLE & NERVE, 24(3), 325-339 [10.1002/1097-4598(200103)24:3<325::aid-mus1002>3.0.co;2-0].
Valeriani, M; Le Pera, D; Tonali, P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/369763
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