background/aims: In various chronic pain conditions cortical reorganisation seems to play a role in the symptomatology. the aims of this study were to investigate cortical reorganisation in patients with pain caused by chronic pancreatitis (CP) and to correlate putative cortical reorganisation to clinical pain scores. methods: 24 patients suffering from CP and 14 healthy volunteers were included. patients' daily experience of pain was recorded in a pain diary. the sigmoid was stimulated electrically with simultaneous recording of evoked brain potentials (EPs). the brain source localisations reflecting direct neuronal activity were fitted by a five-dipole model projected to magnetic resonance imaging of the individual brains. results: patients showed prolonged latencies of the EPs confined to the frontal region of the brain (p < 0.01). the corresponding brain sources were located in the bilateral insula, cingulate gyrus and bilateral secondary somatosensory area. the insular dipoles were localised more posterior in the patients than in healthy subjects (p < 0.01). the shift in insular dipole localisation was negatively correlated with the patients' clinical pain scores (p < 0.05). conclusions: the findings indicate that sustained pain in CP leads to functional reorganisation of the insular cortex. we suggest its physiological correlate to be an adaptive response to chronic pain. Copyright (C) 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel and IAP

Olesen, S.s., Frøkjær, J.b., Lelic, D., Valeriani, M., Drewes, A.m. (2011). Pain-Associated Adaptive Cortical Reorganisation in Chronic Pancreatitis. PANCREATOLOGY, 10(6), 742-751 [10.1159/000321644].

Pain-Associated Adaptive Cortical Reorganisation in Chronic Pancreatitis

Valeriani, Massimiliano;
2011-01-01

Abstract

background/aims: In various chronic pain conditions cortical reorganisation seems to play a role in the symptomatology. the aims of this study were to investigate cortical reorganisation in patients with pain caused by chronic pancreatitis (CP) and to correlate putative cortical reorganisation to clinical pain scores. methods: 24 patients suffering from CP and 14 healthy volunteers were included. patients' daily experience of pain was recorded in a pain diary. the sigmoid was stimulated electrically with simultaneous recording of evoked brain potentials (EPs). the brain source localisations reflecting direct neuronal activity were fitted by a five-dipole model projected to magnetic resonance imaging of the individual brains. results: patients showed prolonged latencies of the EPs confined to the frontal region of the brain (p < 0.01). the corresponding brain sources were located in the bilateral insula, cingulate gyrus and bilateral secondary somatosensory area. the insular dipoles were localised more posterior in the patients than in healthy subjects (p < 0.01). the shift in insular dipole localisation was negatively correlated with the patients' clinical pain scores (p < 0.05). conclusions: the findings indicate that sustained pain in CP leads to functional reorganisation of the insular cortex. we suggest its physiological correlate to be an adaptive response to chronic pain. Copyright (C) 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel and IAP
2011
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore MED/39
English
Chronic pancreatitis
Pain treatment
Cortical reorganisation
Sensitisation
Olesen, S.s., Frøkjær, J.b., Lelic, D., Valeriani, M., Drewes, A.m. (2011). Pain-Associated Adaptive Cortical Reorganisation in Chronic Pancreatitis. PANCREATOLOGY, 10(6), 742-751 [10.1159/000321644].
Olesen, Ss; Frøkjær, Jb; Lelic, D; Valeriani, M; Drewes, Am
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/367565
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