Albania is a Balkan country in South-Eastern Europe which, in recent years, has undergone complex demographic, political and economical changes. A notable drop in infant and maternal mortality rates and a significant rise in economic indicators have been observed in recent years. Despite this, over 15% of the population living in the northern and north-eastern areas of the country lives in extreme poverty conditions. In recent years various healthcare system reforms have been introduced, including the introduction of private healthcare and improvement of the main hospital infrastructures but not much has been done to increase the provision of essential healthcare services especially in rural and poor areas. Inequalities in health care are therefore widespread and these particularly affect children living in critical areas. In this paper we describe a paediatric healthcare intervention programme conducted in Albania from 2002 to 2004, aimed at improving the health and nutrition status of children and tackling healthcare system inequalities. The intervention consisted in offering free healthcare services and assistance, delivered through the Albanian healthcare system, to 5280 children. It also involved a health education programme for the mothers. The impact of the programme on the prevalence of infant malnutrition was evaluated by examining the medical records of 1745 infants followed for at least 6 months. Prevalence of malnutrition significantly decreased, from 13.4% to 4.2% during the study period. Mortality in children aged 0-5 years also showed a considerable drop. These results confirm that an efficient and sustainable model of paediatric healthcare assistance in Albania is possible.

Buonomo, E., Doro Altan, A.M., Cenko, F., Godo, A., Scarcella, P., Fioramonti, L., et al. (2007). A child health promotion intervention in Albania: results and lessons learned [Promozione e cura della salute infantile in Albania: risultati e lezioni apprese da un intervento di sanità pubblica.]. IGIENE E SANITÀ PUBBLICA, 63(1), 7-20.

A child health promotion intervention in Albania: results and lessons learned [Promozione e cura della salute infantile in Albania: risultati e lezioni apprese da un intervento di sanità pubblica.]

BUONOMO, ERSILIA;SCARCELLA, PAOLA;PALOMBI, LEONARDO
2007-02

Abstract

Albania is a Balkan country in South-Eastern Europe which, in recent years, has undergone complex demographic, political and economical changes. A notable drop in infant and maternal mortality rates and a significant rise in economic indicators have been observed in recent years. Despite this, over 15% of the population living in the northern and north-eastern areas of the country lives in extreme poverty conditions. In recent years various healthcare system reforms have been introduced, including the introduction of private healthcare and improvement of the main hospital infrastructures but not much has been done to increase the provision of essential healthcare services especially in rural and poor areas. Inequalities in health care are therefore widespread and these particularly affect children living in critical areas. In this paper we describe a paediatric healthcare intervention programme conducted in Albania from 2002 to 2004, aimed at improving the health and nutrition status of children and tackling healthcare system inequalities. The intervention consisted in offering free healthcare services and assistance, delivered through the Albanian healthcare system, to 5280 children. It also involved a health education programme for the mothers. The impact of the programme on the prevalence of infant malnutrition was evaluated by examining the medical records of 1745 infants followed for at least 6 months. Prevalence of malnutrition significantly decreased, from 13.4% to 4.2% during the study period. Mortality in children aged 0-5 years also showed a considerable drop. These results confirm that an efficient and sustainable model of paediatric healthcare assistance in Albania is possible.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza nazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore MED/42 - Igiene Generale e Applicata
Italian
Senza Impact Factor ISI
Albania; article; child welfare; female; health care quality; health promotion; human; infant; male; preschool child; Albania; Child Welfare; Child, Preschool; Female; Health Promotion; Humans; Infant; Male; Program Evaluation
Buonomo, E., Doro Altan, A.M., Cenko, F., Godo, A., Scarcella, P., Fioramonti, L., et al. (2007). A child health promotion intervention in Albania: results and lessons learned [Promozione e cura della salute infantile in Albania: risultati e lezioni apprese da un intervento di sanità pubblica.]. IGIENE E SANITÀ PUBBLICA, 63(1), 7-20.
Buonomo, E; Doro Altan, A; Cenko, F; Godo, A; Scarcella, P; Fioramonti, L; Marazzi, M; Palombi, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/36576
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