restless legs syndrome (RLS) is characterized by unpleasant sensations generally localized to legs, associated with an urge to move. a likely pathogenetic mechanism is a central dopaminergic dysfunction. the exact role of pain system is unclear. the purpose of the study was to investigate the nociceptive pathways in idiopathic RLS patients. we enrolled 11 patients (mean age 53.2 +/- 19.7 years; 7 men) suffering from severe, primary RLS. we recorded scalp laser-evoked potentials (LEPs) to stimulation of different sites (hands and feet) and during two different time conditions (daytime and nighttime). Finally, we compared the results with a matched control group of healthy subjects. the A delta responses obtained from patients did not differ from those recorded from control subjects. However, the N1 and the N2-P2 amplitudes' night/day ratios after foot stimulation were increased in patients, as compared to controls (N1: patients: 133.91 +/- 50.42%; controls: 83.74 +/- 34.45%; p=0.016; A delta-N2-P2: patients: 119.15 +/- 15.56%; controls: 88.42 +/- 23.41%; p=0.003). these results suggest that RLS patients present circadian modifications in the pain system, which are not present in healthy controls. both sensory-discriminative and affective-emotional components of pain experience show parallel changes. this study confirms the structural integrity of A delta nociceptive system in idiopathic RLS, but it also suggests that RLS patients present circadian modifications in the pain system. these findings could potentially help clinicians and contribute to identify new therapeutic approaches.

Vollono, C., Della Marca, G., Testani, E., Losurdo, A., Virdis, D., Ferraro, D., et al. (2019). Abnormal Circadian Modification of Aδ-Fiber Pathway Excitability in Idiopathic Restless Legs Syndrome. PAIN RESEARCH & MANAGEMENT, 2019, 1-8 [10.1155/2019/5408732].

Abnormal Circadian Modification of Aδ-Fiber Pathway Excitability in Idiopathic Restless Legs Syndrome

Valeriani, Massimiliano
2019-01-01

Abstract

restless legs syndrome (RLS) is characterized by unpleasant sensations generally localized to legs, associated with an urge to move. a likely pathogenetic mechanism is a central dopaminergic dysfunction. the exact role of pain system is unclear. the purpose of the study was to investigate the nociceptive pathways in idiopathic RLS patients. we enrolled 11 patients (mean age 53.2 +/- 19.7 years; 7 men) suffering from severe, primary RLS. we recorded scalp laser-evoked potentials (LEPs) to stimulation of different sites (hands and feet) and during two different time conditions (daytime and nighttime). Finally, we compared the results with a matched control group of healthy subjects. the A delta responses obtained from patients did not differ from those recorded from control subjects. However, the N1 and the N2-P2 amplitudes' night/day ratios after foot stimulation were increased in patients, as compared to controls (N1: patients: 133.91 +/- 50.42%; controls: 83.74 +/- 34.45%; p=0.016; A delta-N2-P2: patients: 119.15 +/- 15.56%; controls: 88.42 +/- 23.41%; p=0.003). these results suggest that RLS patients present circadian modifications in the pain system, which are not present in healthy controls. both sensory-discriminative and affective-emotional components of pain experience show parallel changes. this study confirms the structural integrity of A delta nociceptive system in idiopathic RLS, but it also suggests that RLS patients present circadian modifications in the pain system. these findings could potentially help clinicians and contribute to identify new therapeutic approaches.
2019
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore MED/39
English
Vollono, C., Della Marca, G., Testani, E., Losurdo, A., Virdis, D., Ferraro, D., et al. (2019). Abnormal Circadian Modification of Aδ-Fiber Pathway Excitability in Idiopathic Restless Legs Syndrome. PAIN RESEARCH & MANAGEMENT, 2019, 1-8 [10.1155/2019/5408732].
Vollono, C; Della Marca, G; Testani, E; Losurdo, A; Virdis, D; Ferraro, D; Brunetti, V; Rossini, Pm; Le Pera, D; Mazza, S; Valeriani, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/364752
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