Models where symmetries are predominantly broken (and masses are then gener-ated) through radiative corrections typically produce strong first-order phase transitions with a period of supercooling, when the temperature dropped by several orders of magnitude. Here it is shown that a model-independent description of these phenomena and the consequent production of potentially observable gravitational waves is possible in terms of few parame-ters (which are computable once the model is specified) if enough supercooling occurred. It is explicitly found how large the supercooling should be in terms of those parameters, in order for the model-independent description to be valid. It is also explained how to systematically improve the accuracy of such description by computing higher-order corrections in an expan-sion in powers of a small quantity, which is a function of the above-mentioned parameters. Furthermore, the corresponding gravitational wave spectrum is compared with the existing experimental results from the latest observing run of LIGO and VIRGO and the expected sensitivities of future gravitational wave experiments to find regions of the parameter space that are either ruled out or can lead to a future detection.

Salvio, A. (2023). Model-independent radiative symmetry breaking and gravitational waves. JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS, 2023(04) [10.1088/1475-7516/2023/04/051].

Model-independent radiative symmetry breaking and gravitational waves

Salvio, Alberto
2023-01-01

Abstract

Models where symmetries are predominantly broken (and masses are then gener-ated) through radiative corrections typically produce strong first-order phase transitions with a period of supercooling, when the temperature dropped by several orders of magnitude. Here it is shown that a model-independent description of these phenomena and the consequent production of potentially observable gravitational waves is possible in terms of few parame-ters (which are computable once the model is specified) if enough supercooling occurred. It is explicitly found how large the supercooling should be in terms of those parameters, in order for the model-independent description to be valid. It is also explained how to systematically improve the accuracy of such description by computing higher-order corrections in an expan-sion in powers of a small quantity, which is a function of the above-mentioned parameters. Furthermore, the corresponding gravitational wave spectrum is compared with the existing experimental results from the latest observing run of LIGO and VIRGO and the expected sensitivities of future gravitational wave experiments to find regions of the parameter space that are either ruled out or can lead to a future detection.
2023
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore FIS/02
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
cosmological phase transitions
cosmology of theories beyond the SM
particle physics-cosmology connection
Salvio, A. (2023). Model-independent radiative symmetry breaking and gravitational waves. JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS, 2023(04) [10.1088/1475-7516/2023/04/051].
Salvio, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/362904
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