It is well established that both extracellular ATP and glutamate exert a critical role during metabolic impairment, that several P2 receptor subunits are directly involved in this action and that a strong relationship exists between glutamatergic and purinergic signals. Therefore, here we studied the molecular behavior of the purinergic metabotropic P2Y4 and the glutamatergic ionotropic NMDAR1 receptors during hypoglycemic cell death. We find that these proteins are oppositely modulated during glucose starvation (P2Y4 is induced, whereas NMDAR1 is inhibited) and that both P2 and NMDA antagonists can restore basal protein expression levels. Moreover, double immunofluorescence experiments with confocal laser microscopy reveal co-localization at the membrane level between the P2Y4 and NMDAR1 receptors, in both homologous (cerebellar granule neurons) and heterologous (Hek-293) cellular systems. This is furthermore confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation experiments. Finally, when we express the P2Y4 receptor in the heterologous SH-SY5Y neuronal cell line, hypoglycemia then causes severe cell death and simultaneous downregulation of the NMDAR1 protein. In summary, our work establishes a potential molecular interplay between P2Y4 and NMDAR1 receptors during glucose deprivation and the causative role of the P2Y 4 during cell death. Â© 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Cavaliere, F., Amadio, S., Angelini, D.F., Sancesario, G., Bernardi, G., & Volonte, C. (2004). Role of the metabotropic P2Y(4) receptor during hypoglycemia: cross talk with the ionotropic NMDAR1 receptor. EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH, 300(1), 149-158.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Cavaliere, F., Amadio, S., Angelini, D.F., Sancesario, G., Bernardi, G., & Volonte, C. (2004). Role of the metabotropic P2Y(4) receptor during hypoglycemia: cross talk with the ionotropic NMDAR1 receptor. EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH, 300(1), 149-158.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/26 - Neurologia|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yexcr.2004.07.009|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Titolo:||Role of the metabotropic P2Y(4) receptor during hypoglycemia: cross talk with the ionotropic NMDAR1 receptor|
|Autori:||Cavaliere, F; Amadio, S; Angelini, DF; Sancesario, G; Bernardi, G; Volonte, C|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|