In this paper the thermodynamic potentialities and limits of the H-2/O-2 turbine cycles (afterward named only H-2/O-2 cycles) are investigated. Starting from the conventional gas turbine and steam turbine technology, the paper qualitatively tackles problems related to a change of oxidizer and fuel: from these considerations, an internal combustion steam cycle is analyzed where steam, injected into the combustion chamber together with oxygen and hydrogen, is produced in a regenerative way and plays the important role of inert. A proper parametric analysis is then performed in order to evaluate the influence of the main working parameters on the overall performance of H-2/O-2 cycles. All the results are carried out by neglecting the energy requirements for O-2 and H-2 production systems, but taking into account the work required by the O-2 and H-2 compression. This choice permits a great freedom in the definition of these thermodynamic cycles; moreover it is possible to come to some general conclusions because the H-2 and/or O-2 production systems and their integrations with thermodynamic cycles do not have to be specified. Therefore, this paper can be framed in a context of centralized production of oxygen and hydrogen (by nuclear or renewable energy sources, for example) and their distribution as pure gases in the utilization place. By adopting some realistic assumptions, for example, a top temperature of 1350 degrees C, the potentialities of H-2/O-2 cycles are very limited: the net efficiency attains a value of about 50%. Instead, by adopting futurist assumptions, for example, a top temperature of 1700 degrees C, a different H-2/O-2 cycle scheme can be proposed and its performance becomes more interesting (the net efficiency is over 60%). The paper tackles the main thermodynamic and technological subjects of the H-2/O-2 cycles: for example, it is underlined how the choice of the working parameters of these cycles strongly influences the attainable performance.

Gambini, M., Guizzi, G.l., Vellini, M. (2005). H2/O2 cycles: thermodynamic potentialities and limits. JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER, 127(3), 553-563 [10.1115/1.1924401].

H2/O2 cycles: thermodynamic potentialities and limits

GAMBINI, MARCO;GUIZZI, GIUSEPPE LEO;VELLINI, MICHELA
2005

Abstract

In this paper the thermodynamic potentialities and limits of the H-2/O-2 turbine cycles (afterward named only H-2/O-2 cycles) are investigated. Starting from the conventional gas turbine and steam turbine technology, the paper qualitatively tackles problems related to a change of oxidizer and fuel: from these considerations, an internal combustion steam cycle is analyzed where steam, injected into the combustion chamber together with oxygen and hydrogen, is produced in a regenerative way and plays the important role of inert. A proper parametric analysis is then performed in order to evaluate the influence of the main working parameters on the overall performance of H-2/O-2 cycles. All the results are carried out by neglecting the energy requirements for O-2 and H-2 production systems, but taking into account the work required by the O-2 and H-2 compression. This choice permits a great freedom in the definition of these thermodynamic cycles; moreover it is possible to come to some general conclusions because the H-2 and/or O-2 production systems and their integrations with thermodynamic cycles do not have to be specified. Therefore, this paper can be framed in a context of centralized production of oxygen and hydrogen (by nuclear or renewable energy sources, for example) and their distribution as pure gases in the utilization place. By adopting some realistic assumptions, for example, a top temperature of 1350 degrees C, the potentialities of H-2/O-2 cycles are very limited: the net efficiency attains a value of about 50%. Instead, by adopting futurist assumptions, for example, a top temperature of 1700 degrees C, a different H-2/O-2 cycle scheme can be proposed and its performance becomes more interesting (the net efficiency is over 60%). The paper tackles the main thermodynamic and technological subjects of the H-2/O-2 cycles: for example, it is underlined how the choice of the working parameters of these cycles strongly influences the attainable performance.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore ING-IND/09 - Sistemi per l'Energia e L'Ambiente
English
Brayton cycle; gas turbines; hydrogen peroxide; internal combustion engines; oxidation; steam turbines; thermodynamic properties; steam turbine technology; thermodynamic potentialities; turbine cycles; combined cycle power plants; gas turbine
Gambini, M., Guizzi, G.l., Vellini, M. (2005). H2/O2 cycles: thermodynamic potentialities and limits. JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER, 127(3), 553-563 [10.1115/1.1924401].
Gambini, M; Guizzi, Gl; Vellini, M
Articolo su rivista
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/35496
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