P2X receptors are a family of seven(P2X(1-7)) cation channels gated by extracellular ATP, widely expressed in neurons and nonneuronal cells. Lipid rafts are cholesterol/sphingolipid-rich membrane domains, involved in many cellular processes, including transmembrane receptor signaling, vesicle traffic, and protein sorting. We provide direct biochemical evidence that P2X(3) receptor localizes into lipid rafts, in primary cultures of cerebellar granule neurons as well as in brain and dorsal root ganglia extracts. We show that P2X(3) exhibits all the characteristics distinctive of a protein associated with lipid rafts. These characteristics include resistance to detergent extraction at 4degreesC, solubility after extraction of cholesterol from membranes with either saponin or methyl-beta-cyclodextrin, and partitioning to low buoyant density fractions after sucrose gradient centrifugation in both detergent-containing and detergent-free conditions. Furthermore, P2X(3) localizes in raft-containing fractions in transiently transfected SH-SY5Y neuroblastorna cells. The present finding contributes to the characterization of the functional localization of P2X(3) in neurons and provides a novel potential mechanism for correct targeting and dynamic activation of this receptor. (C) 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Vacca, F., Amadio, S., Sancesario, G., Bernardi, G., & Volonte, C. (2004). P2X3 receptor localizes into lipid rafts in neuronal cells. JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH, 76(5), 653-661.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Vacca, F., Amadio, S., Sancesario, G., Bernardi, G., & Volonte, C. (2004). P2X3 receptor localizes into lipid rafts in neuronal cells. JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH, 76(5), 653-661.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/26 - Neurologia|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jnr.20069|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Titolo:||P2X3 receptor localizes into lipid rafts in neuronal cells|
|Autori:||Vacca, F; Amadio, S; Sancesario, G; Bernardi, G; Volonte, C|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|